[61][62] A tower house or keep was built against the curtain wall at the high point of the island, probably in the 14th century. Led by the Earl of Mar, it was an attempt to restore the exiled James Stuart, the "Old Pretender", to the throne. In the early eighteenth century, the Mackenzies' involvement in the Jacobite rebellions led in 1719 to the castle's destruction by government ships. Scotland. When the Spanish soldiers in the castle fired at the boat, it was recalled and all three ships opened fire on the castle for an hour or more. [42] Flamborough then took the Spanish prisoners to Edinburgh. William III, Earl of Ross granted Kintail to Raghnall Mac Ruaidhrí in 1342. The hornwork comprises a pair of walls enclosing a triangular courtyard, linking the east wall of the castle with an irregular hexagonal (or heptagonal) structure. The remains of a Pictish fort were found in vitrified rock when excavations once took place on the island. St Donan lived there with his brothers. The entrance to this smaller courtyard was from the east. Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat had a ratification of 1681 for the lands of Eilean Donan, with the castle, fortalice and mills thereof. [79] Small mural chambers within the walls are accessed from each hall. William Mackenzie, 5th Earl of Seaforth, joined the Jacobite army, leading out men of the Clan Mackenzie and Clan Macrae. The castle has been used as a film location in several movies, including Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948) with David Niven, The Master of Ballantrae (1953) starring Errol Flynn, the It is 9 miles from the Skye bridge and boasts the beautiful Eilean Donan Castle and a field of shee across the street. archery butts] almost round. [4], The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan MacRae. [4] Rather than a genuinely medieval castle, Eilean Donan is described as "a romantic reincarnation in the tradition of early 20th-century castle revivals. The portal gives access to the courtyard, the level of which has been lowered exposing the bedrock around the tower house. [10] By the middle of the 14th century the Mackenzies are said to have been on the losing side in the ongoing feuding with the Earls of Ross. The local people did not welcome the garrison. Asia Destinations. Eilean Donan. For reasons unrecorded, he fell out with Farquhar Macrae and demanded his removal from the castle. Following the failure of the rising of 1715, the Jacobites found new support from Spain, now opposing both Britain and France in the War of the Quadruple Alliance. Adjoining ranges of outbuildings and … STIRLING CASTLE. Eilean Donan Castle, a romantic castle in a beautiful spot, much photographed and long a property of the Mackenzies, near Dornie on the road to Skye in the Highlands of Robert the Bruce took refuge here in 1306 . In around 1602 Eilean Donan was the base for a sea skirmish at the narrows of Kyle Rhea led by Christopher's son Duncan. in the 20th century. Here are the two most sighted: The Green Lady is Stirling’s most famous ghost, thought to be a maidservant to Mary Queen of Scots, who was crowned here.. Furious at this treatment, MacGillechriosd left Kintail and joined the service of Lord Lovat, though he eventually returned to settle at Inverinate. Tel: 01599 555202 Fax: 01599 555262 ‘Eilean Donan’, pronounced aye-lean don-an, unexcitingly means ‘Isle of Donnan’. Eilean Donan Castle: Beautiful old lady - See 4,235 traveler reviews, 4,228 candid photos, and great deals for Kyle of Lochalsh, UK, at Tripadvisor. At the beginning of May, the Royal Navy sent ships to the area. The main ceiling beams in the Banqueting Hall are of Douglas Fir and were shipped from British Columbia, Canada as a gift from the Macraes of Canada. [68] This led MacGibbon and Ross to describe the structure as a water tower or cistern. Castle screensaver £3.95. [63] The tower measured 16.5 by 12.4 m (54 ft 2 in by 40 ft 8 in), with walls 3 m (9 ft 10 in) thick. [71][72] Although the rebuilding followed the extant ground plan, the details of the present castle differ from its original appearance. A picturesque castle that frequently appears in photographs, film and television dominates the island, which lies about 1 kilometre (5⁄8 mi) from the village of Dornie. [33] The following year the Earl's brother, Simon Mackenzie of Lochslin, gathered troops for the royalist cause around Eilean Donan. More development within this courtyard took place in the 16th century, as well as the addition of defences on the eastern side. [40] The next day the bombardment continued while a landing party was prepared. An argument broke out, which led to the garrison men being driven off with several casualties. He lived mainly at Chanonry of Ross in Fortrose, but made regular visits to Eilean Donan where the constable was required to entertain him and his retinue of between 300 and 500 retainers, as well as the neighbouring lairds. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, check any and all opening and access information with the sites themselves…, Cockenzie House [70] At some point in the 17th century, this elaborate access was abandoned and a more convenient entrance opened in the south wall of the hornwork. [31] In 1635 George Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Seaforth, appointed Farquhar as tutor to his six-year-old son Kenneth, who was subsequently raised at Eilean Donan. As a result, and after many adventures overseas, he gained wealth, power, and the respect of Alexander II, who asked him to build the castle to defend his realm. [39] Four years later, it was completely demolished, and, by 1912, very little of the castle was still standing. The family changed their name to Mackenzie, and Eilean Donan became their main stronghold. Saved by Mary McCrea ... Eilean Donan. [58] Mapmaker Timothy Pont (c. 1565–1614) left a description: The castell of Ylen Donen is composed of a strong and fair dungeon [i.e. Loch Leven recalls one of the more sombre periods in Mary’s life. Eilean Donan Castle – prints , t-shirts and gifts. [4], In 1539, Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat ravaged the lands of MacLeod of Dunvegan on Skye, and then attacked the Mackenzie lands of Kinlochewe, where Miles (Maolmure), brother of Christopher Macrae, was killed. "[74] John Gifford, analysing the building against the Petit survey, notes a "fussy elaboration of what was probably plain originally, and an omission of decoration where it once existed",[75] and describes the interior as "a rubbly Edwardian stage-set for life in the Middle Ages". [51][52] Eilean Donan has made several appearances in films, beginning with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1948 and The Master of Ballantrae in 1953. His eerie apparition has been seen often in the gift shop, clutching his head underneath his arm. [17] During his lairdship Alexander appears to have supported the monarchy against the MacDonald Lords of the Isles and was allegedly rewarded by another charter of Kintail in 1463. In the 14th or 15th century the outer wall was abandoned and a smaller enclosure built around the tower house. Eilean Donan Castle 5 miles. Allegedly among them was the young Alexander Mackenzie, 6th Earl of Kintail. Farquhar initially resisted, and despite interventions by the young Kenneth, had to be marched out by Lochslin and George Mackenzie (later Earl of Cromartie). said to haunt one of the bedrooms. Also recovered was a yett, an iron gate, probably installed in the east door to the bastion, but now on display inside the castle. [69] However, the presence of a door on its eastern side is shown in 19th century photographs, indicating that it was built as the main entrance to the castle. During the action the MacDonalds were driven on to the Cailleach Rock at the eastern tip of Skye and Angus, son of MacDonald of Glengarry, was killed. Discover (and save!) [64], At an unknown period, probably in the later 14th century or early 15th century, the outer wall was abandoned in favour of a smaller defensive enclosure, around 25 m (82 ft) square. The original castle was destroyed in 1719 when 3 English frigates attacked the Spanish troops garrisoned there. In 1714 while surveying fortifications for the government, the military engineer Lewis Petit made the only surviving drawing of Eilean Donan. 14th-century tower of three storeys and a gabled garret. 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