It has been impossible for scientists to accurately account for the population due to the violence in the region. At least 37% of these endangered species would become extinct by the year 2050. The Sumatran orangutan lives almost exclusively in the trees of tropical forests in Sumatra. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei beringei. Two aquatic animals have been coined to be two of the most endangered species in the world—Baji and Vaquita. Poaching, habitat loss and tiger farms has increased the need for better habitat protection. Priceless or Worthless? The Sumatra rhino is the smallest of all living rhinos and the only rhino in Asia to sport two horns. New oil palm plantations and settlements have led to an increase in contact with humans. Found off the coast of East Africa and around the Coral Triangle, humphead wrasse are important to coral reef health. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. They live in protected areas and private game reserves in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. As they move to areas with food, they are more susceptible to being caught in fishing nets. Status: Critically Endangered since 1996. Seven species of turtle live in the ocean. This has made it increasingly difficult for conservationists to protect the most threatened species on the planet. The Sunda tigers are distinguished by the thick black stripes on their orange coats. The tree is an evergreen and grows up to a height of 40 metres. Some of the most endangered species include the blue whale, the North Atlantic Right Whale and the fin whale. They are known for their distinctive red fur and are considered the largest tree-dwelling animals. Found along the North Island of New Zealand, Hector's dolphins are smallest and rarest in the world. To keep the subspecies from going extinct, the WWF has been helping to prioritize captive breeding and also trying to save their habitat and fight wildlife crime. "WWF is working with government agencies and partners in South Africa, Namibia and Kenya, to support law-enforcement agencies, build supportive surrounding communities, develop and build on innovative tech solutions, and equip and train rangers to stop poachers," he said. "Restoring populations of the endangered black-footed ferret requires innovation and perseverance,” said Kristy Bly, WWF senior wildlife conservation biologist. The species is now restricted to the north part of the island due to agricultural development, such as palm oil plantations, and fires. "We have been working to protect and connect tiger habitat, end the exploitation of tigers, and engage with local communities and others to further a people-centric approach for sustainable tiger conservation well into the future. As the largest animal on earth, blue whales average 25 metres in length and 140,000 kilograms in weight. However, these elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the punishment for killing one is the death penalty. The smallest of the Asian elephant subspecies, they are found in Borneo and Sumatra. Narwhals are dependent on sea ice, so climate change, oil and gas development and ocean noise threaten their existence. Please refresh the page and try again. Mainly found in tropical waters, and near coral reefs, sea turtles have lived in our seas for the last 100 million years, and they are a vital part of the marine ecosystem. Keep reading to learn about 24 of the most endangered species in the US. Found in southern Chile, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, blue whales are threatened by climate change, pollution and habitat loss. Move to areas with food, they are still highly sought after for their meat, and... 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