While the use of slave labour is criminalised under article 127.2 and article 127.1 mentions slave labour as a type of exploitation as part of the crime of human trafficking, the act of slavery itself is not distinctly criminalised.58 Articles 240 and 241 address recruitment into sex work and pimping.59 In relation to the alleged exploitation of migrant workers from North Korea on the construction site for the St Petersburg stadium for the 2018 S… Anti-slavery nongovernmental organizations in Russia claim that human trafficking has increased since the start of the temporary visa-free regime for ticket holders, which began on June 4 in advance of the World Cup. Since then, Russia has not introduced any further anti-trafficking laws. The IOM’s Kim said many women are forced into prostitution across Europe after being promised careers as hairdressers. FIFA’s “FAN IDs” provided millions of football fans with visa-free travel to Russia for the World Cup – but also proved a boon to criminal people-trafficking networks. Now the hard work begins. In recent years, the issue has become politicized due to Western pressure to adopt anti-trafficking policies. The crowds at large sporting events are usually predominantly composed of men and this year’s FIFA World Cup was no different. Putin Doesn’t Care about Sex Trafficking... By signing up, I agree to the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use and to occasionally receive special offers from Foreign Policy. REUTERS/Maxim ‘We’re in a Worse Place Today Than We Were Before He Came In’, As Merkel Prepares to Step Down, the Future of German Conservatism Is Open, Democracy at Home and Democracy Promotion Abroad Aren’t the Same, With Iran, Biden Can’t Let Perfect Be the Enemy of Good, Biden Can’t Fight Corruption Without Help From Europe. Kehinde moved to Moscow in 1989 as a student and has been there ever since. After observing the rise in human trafficking during last year’s Confederations Cup held in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Kazan, and Sochi, activists put together a robust action plan for the World Cup. According to Siluyanova, the three Nigerian men who owned the brothel had lied to the landlord, claiming they were living there by themselves while they hid the women. After learning about the increasing problem of sex trafficking from African countries to Russia, he decided to fight the practice. Anti-trafficking NGOs saw this coming. The World Cup, the Olympics, and other sporting events require immense infrastructure, which may facilitate forced labor. In February, Amina had been lured to Russia through a job agency in Nigeria. “We don’t know who you are, and it’s not our business,” was the government’s response, according to Siluyanova. But it is merely a small section of the Russian law enforcement apparatus, mostly operating in Moscow and St. Petersburg. The 2018 FIFA World Cup has brought an estimated 1 million football fans from around the world to 11 host cities in Russia. “This time, we were much more prepared,” Siluyanova said. Alternative scans sex websites looking for advertisements for African women and once had a male staff member pose as a client to find out an address. Human trafficking thrives at large sporting events such as the Olympic Games, Super Bowl and the FIFA World Cup for many reasons. In 2003, President Vladimir Putin introduced laws making human trafficking a crime. Yet, in 2013, just 28 people were convicted of sex trafficking and forced labor. Victims are immediately deported back to their country, where they’re almost guaranteed to be in danger and face rejection by their community.”. FIFA doesn’t like to talk about how countries plagued by corruption and bribery scandals, like Russia and Qatar, end up as World Cup hosts. In response to another question from the same survey, around 41 percent of the respondents blamed the victims for their situation, while another 41 percent believed women were duped by criminal gangs or sold into slavery by parents and friends. Report it and you could be put prison for lying.”. Following the collapse of the … Human rights violations in the context of the World Cup 2014 go beyond human trafficking and child sexual exploitation. The Russian government derided the methodology, calling the report results “preformulated conclusions based on fragmentary evidence obtained from dubious sources.” In 2016, the Russian government stopped providing prosecution or victim rehabilitation data for the report. 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Two Nigerians were later arrested and charged with human trafficking after striking a deal to sell Obuson for 2 million roubles (around $30,000) to a police officer posing as a client. As the 2018 World Cup final match came to a close in Russia, the world’s focus moved to 2022 and Qatar, where the next World Cup will be held. A History Of Human Trafficking. According to Siluyanova, people spend an average of two to three years in such conditions before they manage to find help. Traffickers exploited this system to bring foreign sex trafficking victims into the country, especially from Nigeria; NGOs report many victims remain in Russia. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article is based partially or entirely on public domain works of the U.S. government, and thus may require cleanup. Some are brainwashed into believing in a voodoo curse, that the madam is very powerful, and that their families will be in danger if they talk,” Siluyanova said. “Authorities don’t see them as victims but as illegal immigrants and refuse to provide even basic medical care when they’re rescued. Women and children from Europe (predominantly Ukraine and Moldova), Southeast Asia (primarily China and the Philippines), Africa (particularly Nigeria), and Central Asia are victims of sex trafficking in Russia. During the 2018 World Cup, Russia relaxed its visa requirements, allowing visa-free entry for all Fan ID holders to enter and exit Russia without a visa through December 31, 2018. Despite the tireless work of NGOs to combat human trafficking, political clashes between the Russian and U.S. governments have made their work more difficult. A woman is locked up in a transparent suitcase reading "Stop Human Trafficking! The information on Russia is constantly regarding the head of state[ Vladimir Putin ], not trafficking.” Thesis was because of leave Lagos for Moscow on the eve of the opening suit of the World Cup today and also had actually loaded their bags well in advance. In June, Ella, a Nigerian woman who worked in a Moscow brothel, was rescued by Alternative. © 2021 Copyright France 24 - All rights reserved. Sex trafficking from Nigeria is a growing problem throughout Europe. The DPRK sends approximately 20,000 North Korean citizens to Russia annually for work in a variety of sectors, notably including logging in Russia's Far East and construction of the 2018 World Cup Stadiums – with 30,000 to 40,000 North Korean citizens believed to be present in Russia; reportedly many of these North Korean citizens are subjected to conditions of forced labor. Despite repeated warnings from NGOs, Russian authorities declined to support the anti-trafficking measures. Blessing Obuson from Nigeria, 19, rescued from human traffickers, poses for a portrait in a shelter on the outskirts of Moscow, Russia February 21, 2019. In 2009, the International Labour Organization reported that forced labor is the most predominant form of trafficking in Russia. The 2018 World Cup ended on July 15 with the country’s authorities proud of a successful tournament. As the 2018 World Cup final match came to a close in Russia, the world’s focus moved to 2022 and Qatar, where the next World Cup will be held. She said her sister, Amina, had been sold into prostitution in Moscow by a Nigerian woman named Rose. In 2003, President Vladimir Putin introduced laws making human trafficking a crime. The trafficking of women and girls for sexual abuse purposes is likely to increase in order to meet the expected rise in demand for sex. In response to various demands for FIFA to take action against human trafficking and forced prostitution at the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany™, the following statement has been issued. During the 2018 World Cup, Russia relaxed its visa requirements, allowing all Fan ID holders to enter and exit Russia without a visa through December 31, 2018. Siluyanova recently reported an incident of sex trafficking to a chief investigator, who scoffed: “Voodoo-shmoodoo. Traffickers exploited this system to bring foreign sex trafficking victims into the country, especially from … Russia has criminalised human trafficking in article 127.1 of the criminal code. Trafficking victims are treated as criminals under the current law, said Kehinde, the Nigerian activist. France 24 - International breaking news, top stories and headlines. Prior to the World Cup in Germany in 2006, there was considerable international concern that this event would contribute to a sharp increase in trafficking for They’re psychologically and physically abused, and the only time they get out is when the madam receives an order and calls a taxi to bring the girl to the client,” Siluyanova explained. According to the Global Slavery Index, there were more than a million victims of human trafficking in Russia in 2016. When she arrived at the airport in Moscow, she was met by Rose, who turned out to be her madam. Human Trafficking Around the World. FRANCE 24's Elena Volochine and Gulliver Cragg report. Major sporting events including the World Cup, the Olympics, and the Super Bowl always spark warnings over an influx of trafficked workers, many of whom are the victims of forced prostitution. In the Soviet era, there were no laws against the practice, and public discussion about sexuality and prostitution was taboo until the late 1980s. This article has multiple issues. The Human Rights organization Amnesty International staged the action to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The vast majority of trafficked women come from Nigeria, where so-called recruitment agencies lure people in with promises of a good job in Russia. On arrival, a madam typically confiscates the women’s documents, advertises them on Russian sex websites, and imprisons them in apartments. Human trafficking in Russia Last updated September 23, 2019. “Even when the women are rescued, they are afraid of reporting the madams’ crimes. As the 2010 FIFA World Cup approaches, attention is increasingly focussed on one of the most pervasive crimes expected to accompany the boom in the South African tourism industry: human trafficking. It involves the transport of persons, who are either entirely unwilling or misinformed about their destination, to a new place, usually to engage in forced labor or prostitution. Twenty-five percent of Russia’s GDP on average comes from the shadow economy, but that number skyrockets to 60 percent in some regions and economic sectors. Florence Kim of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said, “It can be extremely difficult to identify human trafficking because of its invisible nature, and even more so because victims are afraid to denounce their traffickers. Normally visitors to Russia need to have a full visa, but during the world cup, all that one needs is a ticket to a football match and a fan pass. Argument: With the 2022 World Cup set to take place in Qatar, terrible human rights abuses have come to light, especially the use of slaves to build stadiums. Latin American history offers a clear lesson to the United States: Ban Donald Trump from running for election ever again. France 24 screenshot | People abandoned by human traffickers gather outside a youth hostel in Central Moscow. While human trafficking and slavery have always been an issue in most areas of the globe, human trafficking in Russia became exacerbated with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The ties between human trafficking and the Russian economy go beyond just the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Issued on: 30/07/2018 - 11:34Modified: 30/07/2018 - 14:53. Rose confiscated her documents and told her she owed a $50,000 debt. But experts dispute whether such events intensify the problem of human trafficking. Human trafficking. In exchange for helping agencies recruit their daughters, the relatives get a cut of the girls and women’s earnings. This work is essential to developing their database of suspects involved in the business. Until the Russian authorities step up their commitment to stop human trafficking, women will continue to be vulnerable. An IOM study on human trafficking and the football world cup in Germany which found inconclusive evidence of an increase in trafficking for sexual exploitation paid credit to the activities put in place by the German authorities and NGOs to counter trafficking during the event. Human trafficking thrives at large sporting events such as the Olympic Games, Super Bowl and the FIFA World Cup for many reasons. In April, a woman in Nigeria called Alternative’s hotline for help. Thousands of people have been trafficked to Russia since June, according to the Nigerian anti-trafficking activist Oluremi Banwo Kehinde, who leads Help Services for Nigerians in Russia, an organization that supports African victims of human trafficking based in Moscow. They’re often psychologically abused into staying silent.”. She called her father to tell him what happened and that she was trying to prosecute the madam. Twenty-five percent of Russia’s GDP on average comes from the shadow economy, but that number skyrockets to 60 percent in some regions and economic sectors. Families in Nigeria sometimes also play a significant role in facilitating trafficking. Her organization carried out interviews with groups of men and women from Africa at Russian airports to find out if they could be the victims of trafficking and carried out raids in what they suspected were hidden brothels. While the world of sports continues to be a magnet for human trafficking, it also has used its platform to shine a light on this horrific crime. Women are also trafficked from other African countries such as Ghana, Zimbabwe, and Mali, and ex-Soviet countries such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Moldova. The department collects information about diasporas and criminal groups, and it carries out extensive investigations. This study was published by International Organisation for Migration (IOM) with financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and was conducted between June and September 2006. Alternative’s requests to put up billboards displaying their free hotline number next to airports were rejected. The madams — many of whom were trafficked to Russia themselves — fear deportation, and angering the Nigerian diaspora. Stephanie Hepburn and Rita J. Simon . The next year, Russia was downgraded to Tier 3 — the lowest ranking — in the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report for failing to comply with minimum standards. For example, during the FIFA World Cup in Russia, many construction workers could have suffered trafficking, but instead, their employers denied them wages and … The Moscow-based anti-slavery NGO Alternative has accompanied police on raids of hidden brothels and discovered hundreds of women who are potential victims of trafficking. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, economic instability, looser travel restrictions, and the absence of a functional legal system facilitated a rise in human trafficking. “Language is the key to isolating a woman,” she said. The crowds at large sporting events are usually predominantly composed of men and this year’s FIFA World Cup was no different. Her father threatened to throw her mother out of their home in Nigeria if Ella did not continue working. The three previous World Cups -- in Brazil, South Africa and Germany -- had countrywide anti-trafficking campaigns aimed at educating fans about the effect of human trafficking. War is politics by other means — and so is the World Cup. Human rights supporters around the world are working to fight human trafficking in Russia, and in turn, reduce the number of slaves illegally moved around the globe. More than 3.16 million spectators attended the FIFA World Cup games in Brazil from June 12 to July 13, 2014. “The women are forced to hand over all their money to their madams, and in order to go free they’re told they have to pay a debt of between $40,000 to $50,000. The World Cup was played in Russia between June 14 and July 15, 2018. But beneath the buzzing, celebratory atmosphere lies a black market of human misery. According to a 2017 IOM report, 80 percent of female migrants arriving in Italy from Nigeria — whose numbers have jumped from 1,454 in 2014 to 11,009 in 2016 — are potential victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation. Abuja - Ten Nigerian children have been rescued from human traffickers planning to fly them to Russia and exploit relaxed visa controls for the World Cup, anti-trafficking officials said on Tuesday. Seeing one phone number can be the key to freedom. Columbia University Press Image Credit: Flickr. FIFA’s “FAN IDs” provided millions of football fans with visa-free travel to Russia for the World Cup – but also proved a boon to criminal people-trafficking networks. Activists might spend days observing the location and the people going to and from the apartment. Human Trafficking: The Other Side Of The World Cup Which Nobody Sees 'Exactly what happens to whom during the World Cup events that generate so much money for some and such misery for others.' The World Cup would have been a good place to start. To date, he says, he has helped over 400 African women escape sexual slavery in Russia. Many Russians blame the victims for falling into prostitution, which is why fighting human trafficking remains a. (The remaining 20 percent are economic migrants who come to Italy willingly.) Blessing Obuson thought Russia's soccer World Cup would be an opportunity to find a job and flew into Moscow from Nigeria last It was, however, concluded that focusing on only one type of human trafficking led to a narrow Alternative has made progress with the support of the criminal investigations department in Moscow. Human trafficking is one of the most critical humanitarian issues of the century and virtually operates everywhere in the world. The very least the Russian government could do would be to advertise hotline numbers that could make the difference between continued captivity and escaping sexual slavery. Not that Russia needs to import sex workers. ABUJA/LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Human traffickers are planning to exploit relaxed Russian visa controls for next month's World Cup … Exploitable Workforces: Many victims of human trafficking become members of exploitable workforces. The content you requested does not exist or is not available anymore. Sex trafficking from Nigeria is a growing problem throughout Europe. During the 2018 World Cup, Russia relaxed its visa requirements, allowing all Fan ID holders to enter and exit Russia without a visa through December 31, 2018. However, these FIFA-issued documents also provided a means to human trafficking gangs to bring people into Russia before enslaving them. Multiple news sources have reported ten Nigerian children were rescued from a human trafficking ring outlined around the World Cup, which runs across 11 Russian cities from June 14 to July 15. The state has cooperated with NGOs in busting trafficking rings, most notably during the World Cup held in Russia in 2018, the report said. Activists say the absence of legislation makes it almost impossible to incriminate a trafficker. Daily newsletterReceive essential international news every morning, Take international news everywhere with you! Silencing @realDonaldTrump was the easy part. The National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) says there are plans by human traffickers to use the World Cup as a ploy to traffic Nigerian youth abroad. Most of the time their families do not know or care — or are complicit themselves. Many Russians blame the victims for falling into prostitution, which is why fighting human trafficking remains a low priority in government. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. As trafficking soared in Russia in the 1990s, foreign and domestic NGOs and some Western governments put pressure on the Duma — the Russian parliament — to pass anti-trafficking legislation. According to CNN, five men, including a policeman and a quarantine officer were planning to fly the victims to Russia. Picture taken February 21, 2019. Putin Doesn’t Care about Sex Trafficking 60 Years of Human Rights" on a luggage belt at the airport in Munich, Germany, on December 11, 2008. According to a question in a 2007 survey, only one-third of the participants agreed human trafficking in Russia was a substantial problem. Tourist numbers were boosted significantly thanks to the “FAN IDs” that FIFA issued to anyone who bought a ticket for the match – waiving the need for a visa to enter Russia. The case of Amina, who spent just three months in sexual slavery before being rescued, was exceptional. The majority of police officers are still unaware or simply ignorant about the extent and gravity of human trafficking. There were reports that sexual exploitation had risen by 30 percent in connection with the World Cup in Germany in 2006, and 40 percent at the World Cup in South Africa in 2010. Before the recent World Cup tournaments in Brazil, South Africa, and Germany, there were significant outreach campaigns to prevent human trafficking. Efforts to end modern slavery have bipartisan support — but the State Department is still missing an ambassador-at-large to monitor and combat trafficking in persons. “During raids, there were cases when the madams jumped out of third-floor windows to escape the police,” Siluyanova recalled. Germany’s powerful Christian Democratic Union party selects a new leader and likely successor to Angela Merkel. Whether or not the numbers have increased dramatically during the 2018 World Cup, Russia is no stranger to human sex trafficking. However, many enslaved people’s focus is already on Qatar—because they are there, building the new infrastructure in forced labor camps. Nigerian officials have already expressed concern that traffickers will take advantage of the World Cup and are taking measures to prevent potential victims from leaving Nigeria’s borders. The ties between human trafficking and the Russian economy go beyond just the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. In 2012, Russia expelled the United States Agency for International Development, the main source for U.S. government funded anti-trafficking activities in Russia, claiming the aid agency undermined Russia’s sovereignty. Whether or not the numbers have increased dramatically during the 2018 World Cup, Russia is no stranger to human sex trafficking. Concrete figures are notoriously elusive. Can they avoid a repeat of their last attempt? Audience ratings certified by ACPM/OJD. However, many enslaved people’s focus is … Since then, Russia has not introduced any further anti-trafficking laws, whereas all 14 other former Soviet Republics have passed a total of more than 100 human trafficking laws. Stadiums, hotels, roads, and more must be built in order to host these events. The conflict in the eastern part of the neighbouring Ukraine has increased the risk of cross-border trafficking and forced labour due to war, displacement, and economic crisis. 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