In succeeding years, the historic battles of the Solomon Islands (1942–43), the Gilbert Islands (1943), the Marshalls, Marianas, Palaus, and Philippines (1944), and Iwo Jima and Okinawa (1945) were fought under his direction. Nimitz Hotel Charles Henry Nimitz, German merchant sailor and grandfather of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, was born in Bremen in Germany. Douglas MacArthur was an American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. PD. Potter he edited Sea Power, a Naval History (1960). Chester William Nimitz (1885-1966), American naval officer, commanded the Pacific Fleet during World War II and played a major role in formulating and executing the strategy which led to the defeat of Japan. Chester William "Chet" Nimitz Jr. (February 17, 1915 – January 2, 2002) was an American submarine commander in the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, and a businessman. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. I could not put the book down and that is down to how the book is written. He was raised by his mother and grandfather Charles Henry Nimitz, who … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Biography Peacetime commands. The navy under Admiral Chester Nimitz moved up the Marshall and Mariana chains to bring U.S. bombers within range of the Japanese home islands. Founder and lead singer of Guns N' Roses, Axl Rose is a celebrated but controversial figure in the world of rock. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. Chester A. Arthur was the 21st president of the United States. He died in 1966 on Yerba Buena Island, California. Chester Nimitz was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War 2. George W. Bush was the 43rd president of the United States. Corrections? His frail, rheumatic father died before Nimitz was born. USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier of the United States Navy, and the lead ship of her class.One of the largest warships in the world, she was laid down, launched, and commissioned as CVAN-68, "aircraft carrier, attack, nuclear powered", but she was later redesignated as CVN-68, "aircraft carrier, multi-mission, nuclear-powered", on 30 June 1975, as part of a fleet-wide realignment that year. A superb read which covers his whole life from ensign on the china station through to his command of the big blue fleet in the second world war. Chester W. Nimitz, Self: The Secret Land. Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on 24 February 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. Chester W. Nimitz Biography Sailor World War II Figure United States Admiral Chester William Nimitz was the commander of the Pacific Fleet during World War II, the man who directed the U.S. victories at Midway, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Bush was the 41st President of the United States and served as vice president under Ronald Reagan. He was awarded the Silver Star three times, for valor in battle. In 1947, in answer to interrogatories by the German Adm. Karl Dönitz, on trial for war crimes, Nimitz gave his justification for the unrestricted nature of U.S. submarine warfare in the Pacific during World War II. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg, Texas, 1885. február 24. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/chester-w-nimitz. Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. In that role, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. Chester W. Nimitz was commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. In both cases the Americans employed the tactic of island-hopping and relied on superior firepower to inflict appalling casualties on fanatical Japanese defenders who preferred…, …was then signed by MacArthur, Nimitz, and representatives of the other Allied powers. Chester Henry Nimitz (February 24, 1885–February 20, 1966) served as Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II and was later promoted to the new rank of Fleet Admiral. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 1941), Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet, a command that brought both land and sea forces under his authority. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz with Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco (CA-38), in December 1942 (80-G-40031).jpg 740 × 557; 100 KB Japan concluded a separate surrender ceremony with China in Nanking on September 9, 1945. Chester Nimitz. He was skilled at tank warfare. Omissions? Nimitz was a five star admiral and he has had a five star book written about him. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz assembled the forces, selected the leaders, and - as commander of all U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces in the Pacific Ocean - led the charge one island at a time, one battle at a time, toward victory. Nimitz attended the US Navy's college at Annapolis between 1901 and 1905 and then served on submarines, becoming the chief-of … Chester Nimitz was an admiral's Admiral, considered by many to be the greatest naval leader of the last century. General George Patton led the Third Army in a very successful sweep across France during World War II in 1944. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz with Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco (CA-38), in December 1942. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Unfortunately his shorter biography adds little of substance to Potter's. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. A brilliant strategist, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific. He was awarded the Navy Cross and three Silver Stars for valor in battle. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Would World War II have taken a different course had Admiral Chester W. Nimitz been in charge at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese hammer blow … In … After WWII, he served as chief of naval operation. His father was very sickly and died several months before Nimitz was born. He led his country's response to the 9/11 attacks in 2001 and initiated the Iraq War in 2003. He was also the father of George W. Bush, the 43rd President. George H.W. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, commanding Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet (CinCPac), for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CinCPOA), for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. Fleet admiral of the United States Navy. Chester Nimitz was born on Feb. 24, 1885, in Fredricksburg, Tex. He died on February 20, 1966 in Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Potter shows his admiration for Nimitz by showing many small incidents of the man's humanity, tactical intelligence, and quiet perseverance that let the reader conclude on his own that Nimitz was a great man. The story of the American supreme military commander of US forces in the Pacific Theater of World War II. az Egyesült Államok tengernagya volt, aki a második világháború idején a Csendes-óceánon két fontos parancsnoki tisztséget látott el. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nimitz wanted to apply for West Point to become an Army officer, but no appointments were available at the time. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet. He was born in Fredericksburg, Texas, in the United States. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In December 1944 Nimitz had been promoted to the Navy’s newest and highest rank—that of fleet admiral. He was significantly influenced by his German-born paternal grandfather, Charles Henry Nimitz, a former seaman in the German Merchant Marine, who taught him, "the sea - like life itself - is a stern taskmaster. 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Commands 3 Later life 3.1 Death 4 Awards … Synopsis Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. Updates? We strive for accuracy and fairness. Charles Henry Nimitz (born Karl Heinrich Nimitz; November 9, 1826 – April 28, 1911) was born in Bremen, Germany, the son of a merchant seaman. Short Biography Chester William Nimitz (/ˈnɪmɪts/; February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The man chosen for the job was Admiral Chester Nimitz. D.W. Griffith was one of cinema's earliest directors and producers, known for his innovations and for directing the 1915 film Birth of a Nation. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. With E.B. Biography. By June 1942 he had proudly announced the decisive victory at the Battle of Midway and the Coral Sea, where enemy losses were 10 times greater than those of the United States at Pearl Harbor. He also went to sea before the Nimitz family immigrated to South Carolina in the early 1840s, and later became part of the Adelsverein colonization experiment in the newly annexed state of Texas. Chester William Nimitz (n. 24 februarie 1885 – d. 20 februarie 1966) a fost un amiral american, unul dintre principalii comandanți militari americani din timpul celui de- Al Doilea Război Mondial. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. His father had died six months before Chester was born. He died on February 20, 1966 in Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Nimitz was responsible for the victories at Midway and Okinawa among others. The best way to get along with ei… – Yerba Buena Island, Kalifornia, 1966. február 20.) Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA, to Chester Bernhard Nimitz and Anna Josephine. After the war, Nimitz served as chief of naval operations (1945–47). Naval Academy at Annapolis, Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force, a tour of duty that convinced him of the effectiveness of submarine warfare. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Chester William Nimitz, Sr. ( February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. In 1944, he was promoted to fleet admiral. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. His frail, rheumatic father … Chester William Nimitz (24 February 1885-20 February 1966) was a Fleet Admiral of the US Navy who served as commander-in-chief of the US Pacific Fleet from 1941 to 1945, succeeding William S. Pye and preceding Raymond A. Spruance.. Civil War veteran Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931. Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885, near a quaint hotel in Fredericksburg, Texas built by his grandfather, Charles Nimitz, a retired sea captain. He emigrated to the United States by way of South Carolina in 1844. The Japanese capitulation was signed aboard his flagship, the USS “Missouri,” in Tokyo Bay on Sept. 2, 1945. In 1939, he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Chester William Nimitz, Sr., was born 24th February 1885,to Chester and Anna Nimitz. Updated Fri Jan 10 15:18:46 EST 2020. W.H. He held a variety of posts at sea and on shore until 1939, when he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. Mini Bio (1) Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. James L. Slayden, the local congressman, told Nimitz there was one position open at the United S… Chester William "Chet" Nimitz Jr. (February 17, 1915January 2, 2002) was an American submarine commander in the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, and businessman. In 1846, Nimitz moved to Fredericksburg with the initial settlers. With this last formal surrender, World War II came to an end.…. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg (Texas), 24 de febrer de 1885 - 20 de febrer de 1966) va ser Comandant en Cap de la Flota del Pacífic de les Forces Navals estatunidenques, així com el Comandant en Cap de totes les forces Aliades al Teatre del Pacífic durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Fou almirall de la Flota de la Marina dels Estats Units i rebé la Gran Creu de l'Orde del Bany. From his childhood in Fredericksburg, Virginia to the moment when he signed the Japanese Surrender he had helped bring about, BIOGRAPHY chronicles the life of this fabled admiral. Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. A graduate (1905) of the U.S. He was considered an expert on the common law. Auden was a British poet, author and playwright best known as a leading literary figure in the 20th century for his poetry. Chester William Nimitz (24. února 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, USA – 20. února 1966, ostrov Yerba Buena v Sanfranciské zátoce, Kalifornie, USA) byl americký admirál a v letech 1945–1947 i nejvyšší velitel amerického vojenského námořnictva.. Námořní akademii v Annapolisu absolvoval v roce 1905.Po službě na Filipínach byl v roce 1909 přeřazen k ponorkám. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Chester-W-Nimitz, Public Broadcasting Service - American Experience - Biography of Chester W. Nimitz, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Chester William Nimitz, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Chester Nimitz, The History Learning Site - Biography of Chester Nimitz, California Military Department - California Military Museum System - Biography of Chester W. Nimitz, Naval History and Heritage Command - Biography of Chester W. Nimitz, Chester W. Nimitz - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on 24 February 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. Chester W. Nimitz Biography page for Notable Graduates at USNA.edu. 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