In your own words explain: The Rights of Man Basically when men are born they instantly given their rights 2. View all » Common terms and phrases. Ultimately Robespierre was ended by the very thing he instigated and he was beheaded on July 28,1794. The speech was given after revolutionary tribunal in Paris executed 238 men and 31 women. 1. Robespierre in his speech Virtue and Terror discusses this issue. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. London: Yale University Press, 2012. Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. David Andress investigates the impact of the social movement of sentimentalism on Robespierre in order to understand him. Israel discusses origin of modern values, democracy, individual liberty, freedom of expression, religious tolerance, and more in his book. This section focuses on Robespierre himself. Israel, Jonathon, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy. These close up personals of different view points provide numerous reasons as to why Robespierre changed ranging from paranoia, his “incorruptibleness,” and his devotion to republicanism. Accessed July 31, 2013. What was the purpose of placing the coins over the eyes of the dead in Greek mythology? -t he defense of the nation against its enemies 2. Robespierre argued that the king, having betrayed the people when he tried to flee the country was a danger to the state as a unifying symbol for the enemies of the Republic, although in Robespierre’s eyes he was guilty of being a king. The Declaration of the Rights of Man, the symbol of the revolution, radically declared rights for all men including that of freedom of speech and the right to vote. Source: 1. Some of his ideas crystallized during his period of law practice in Arras. A) October 1789 B) June 1791 C) January 1794 D) May 1799. Other Related Materials. Robespierre also ushered in a refocus on Greco-Roman learning in the fields of science, government and education, calling them the “cornerstones of society”. 1666 words (7 pages) Essay. Answer and Explanation: Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer! He begins in the 1780s were the agricultural France obtained terrible crops and resentment toward nobility arose. France was facing a severe financial crisis in the 1780s due to which King Louis XVI convoked the Estates-General on 8th August, 1788. After his parents died, Maximilien and his three siblings went to live with their grandparents. EMellows3600. He took a radical, democratic stance and was known as the Incorruptible for his dedication to civic morality. Terms in this set (10) Who was Robespierre? Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Learn robespierre french revolution with free interactive flashcards. New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2002. Log in Sign up. This book should be used to have a full understanding of the French revolution for it gives maps and chronology but it also illustrates how the revolution affected all the social classes from nobles to peasants. What were Robespierre's religious views? By this time, Robespierre was already known for his altruism. His study of the classics prompted him to aspire to Roman virtues, but he sought to emulate Rousseau's citizen-soldier in particular. Robespierre received a law degree from the Collège Louis-le-Grand in Paris, France, and practiced law in Arras. Still, the Goddess of Reason did not long maintain her fantastic sway, and when Hebert, the author of this cult, ceased to be popular, he, too, was guillotined, after being jeered at by the people for the cowardice he displayed. World War I b. Spell. Once Robespierre became the head of The Committee of Public Safety over 2,000 people were executed in a few months. Robespierre managed to obtain power and popularity during the revolution and with this growing power old ideals seem to change. Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Maximilien Robespierre was born in Arras, France, in 1758. He changed the calendar and he divided the year into 12 months of 30 days and renamed each month. 7 Aug. 2013 Robespierre remains a complicated man of history. fear, cult of the supreme being, lack of military support, absence from government. Robespierre's conception of revolutionary virtue and his programme for constructing political sovereignty out of direct democracy … ch23.pdf. Write. Alan Kendall (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971), p. 51. Code Of Hammurabi Laws Compared To Today's Laws. Robespierre was gaining support rapidly and was quickly becoming the dominant force on the committee. Hardman analytically reviews Robespierre’s political actions and his motivations for them. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. McPhee, Peter, The French Revolution. Maximilien Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born in Arras, France, on May 6, 1758, the oldest of four children. But Robespierre believed with Rousseau that a god of some sort was necessary to encourage the people on the path of virtue: the deity would be the mainstay of the state. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. His study of the classics prompted him to aspire to Roman virtues, but he sought to emulate Rousseau's citizen-soldier in particular. How were they different? Studying these aspects shall aid in understanding Robespierre’s environment, his republican beliefs, social and political pressures, and finally his private life. Instead, the law of 22 Prairial quickened the rate of executions, leaving the question of why Robespierre and his allies did not seize the chance presented by the success of the festival to take a different course? Sentimentalism is associated with people highly empathetic towards others, especially those stricken or poor, and consists of great emotions. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (22) what are the factors for this question? Arbitrariness is the key to terror: if there are no rules, justifications, or reasons, then everyone is at risk. While his name might be synonymous with power-hungriness, blood-thirstiness, and possibly madness, he was actually quite accomplished as a radical thinker and revolutionary, as he was hell-bent on societal change. | Contact Author, Robespierre; Enlightened Radical to Terror. He attended a local school and proved an exceptional student, winning a scholarship to Paris. 39-46; Loomis, pp. World War II c. American Revolution d. French Revolution e. Boer War 2. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on May 20, 2020. History Research Guides by Boston University Students. As the public acted in violence Robespierre supported and later he would support the execution of Louis XVI. The French Revolution began as a sign of hope as intellectuals rushed to see their enlightenment ideas put into action. Second c. Third d. He represented all the Estates e. He didn't represent any Estate 4. The last of a three part series based on leading men of the revolution, the first two being Mirabeau and Danton, this source looks at the end of the revolution controlled by Robespierre. Albert Mathiez has collected a series of essays that critically studies documents of Robespierre. 26. Understanding the environment of the period could give insight to the reason to Robespierre harsh change. Linton, Marisa, “Robespierre and the Terror.” History Today, August 2006. http://www.historytoday.com/marisa-linton/robespierre-and-terror. The person with only a head is Louis XVI. factors to consider for fear. In part two of the book Hardman focuses his analysis on Robespierre deskwork instead of that of speeches. What did Maximilien Robespierre study while attending school in Paris? People can try to minimize the risk only by outdoing others in toeing the line. Robespierre and his supporters created a new calendar. He did not have an extravagant lifestyle and his humble origins might have led, as Furet and some others argue, to his sincerity and incorruptibility as a politician in later life. Robespierre wielded his power over life and death as arbitrarily as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao did. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Create. Start studying French Revolution and Napoleon Study Guide (Maximilien Robespierre and the Guilltoine). when did Robespierre make a speech? In his speech made in 1791 Robespierre condemns the death penalty unjust and uneffective. Solved: Did Maximilien Robespierre have children? Created by. For this day he had planned a speech addressing the relationship between religion, morality, and the republican principles; and to establish the Cult of the Supreme Being in place of the Cult of Reason promoted by de-Christianizers like the Hébertists. ... Study the good of the country and the interests of humanity alone. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2010. In this there is a wide view of different aspects of Robespierre’s and illustrates what is effecting both on the outside and in and gives an analysis on his actions. McPhee, Peter, Robespierre: A Revolutionary Life. Law c. Engineering d. Painting e. He did not attend school because he came from a poor family 3. What was the purpose of the Committee of Public Safety? New York: Addison Wesley Longman Limited, 1999. Israel analytically investigates the production of these ideas and their ultimate effect. Start studying French Revolution and Napoleon Study Guide (Maximilien Robespierre and the Guilltoine). His rule in France was known as the "Reign of Terror" and sent many to the guillotine. It highlights his cold heartedness and his many attributes such as his anxiety. 264-66. Part 2 focuses on the terror itself and the roles violence and death had to play. He studied law through a scholarship and in 1789 was elected to be a representative of the Arras commoners in the Estates General. These men were replaced in July by men more determined and more radical in the defense of the Revolution, among them Maximilien Robespierre. < Robespierre supported virtue and law over monarchy, famously called for liberty and fraternity, successfully toppled the aristocracy, and created a more democratic system in France. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and executed. Though the Third Estate comprised around 98% of the French population, it wasexploited by the other two estates. Warwick, Robespierre and the French Revolution. Robespierre, like most political fanatics, genuinely believed that what he was doing was right. Where were they caught? Maximilien Robespierre is best known as the leader of the bloody Reign of Terror during French Revolution. Death of Robespierre. He not only discusses the political change but also goes into the social unrest and analysis the effect it had on the revolutionary France. STUDY. Browse. What did Robespierre do to make France a Republic of Virtue? It is unknown whether he shot himself trying to commit suicide, or if he was shot by one of the guards arresting him. A) Bordeaux B) Calais C) Navarre D) Varennes. Edelstein, Dan, The Terror of Natural Rights: Republicanism, the Cult of Nature, and the French Revolution. Start studying French revolution quiz. Doi: 10.1525/rep.2011.114.1.103. This source gives reasons and actions as to the motivation of Robespierre to gain political power but also it gives an analysis of the overall government and societal reactions. Robespierre received his bachelor of law degree on July 31, 1780 and his license on May 15, 1781; he was admitted to the Paris bar three months later. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 0 Reviews . Hilaire Belloc. 10 The following information on Robespierre's childhood is drawn from Matrat, pp. Match. Studying these aspects shall aid in understanding Robespierre’s environment, his republican beliefs, social and political pressures, and finally his private life. Hardman also discusses the general unrest of the time of social and political upheaval during and before Robespierre came on the scene. Robespierre wielded his power over life and death as arbitrarily as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao did. This is before his true gain of power and illustrates just the amount of change occurrs. a. Here is where Robespierre becomes a hypocrite and reverses his previous speech in order to justify his own political agenda to have Louis and other “traitors” to the State executed. In this speech he goes into detail on the reasons why the death penalty should no longer be used. Robespierre is impatient in the progress of the revolution and states that the public is over the individual and the reasoning for terror itself. She reveals Robespierre’s paranoia that ultimately led to his downfall but remains open enough to insist that he deserves to be called “incorruptible.” In this she represents both the good and the bad of Robespierre as she tries to answer such questions as he and the public became so hypnotized on the public Robespierre. May 6, 1758, in 1758 History of the Committee of Public Safety responding counter-revolutionary. In April 1790, he [ Robespierre ] was a little man of humble Origins made great by upheaval! Reviews Robespierre ’ s name he attended a local school and proved an exceptional student, a! Hope as intellectuals rushed to see their Enlightenment ideas put into action, a study ( York. Made in 1791 Robespierre condemns the death penalty should no longer be used with the of... 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