thurgood marshall sworn in

Sign up for more inspiring photos, stories, and special offers from National Geographic. Though Marshall regularly appeared before the Supreme Court, no Black man, and no person of color, had ever been nominated to serve as a justice. All rights reserved. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn in by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on Wednesday while using a Bible once owned by West Baltimore-born Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. She’ll also use two Bibles for the swearing-in, one of which belonged to Thurgood Marshall… More than 130 years after its discovery, this moth was finally photographed alive, The world’s biggest owl is endangered—but it’s not too late to save it, Lasers, cannons, effigies: The surprising science of shooing vultures away. Among the most important majority opinions he authored were Stanley v. Georgia in 1969, a First Amendment case that decriminalized possessing pornographic materials, and Bounds v. Smith in 1977, which ruled that state prisons should provide law libraries or legal assistance to prisoners. Why Do 9 Justices Serve on the Supreme Court. Marshall and his colleagues fought battle after battle as states defied the new law of the land—closing entire public school systems, creating charter schools, and even rioting rather than allow Black students to attend alongside white ones. 3-ton parts of Stonehenge may have been carried from earlier monuments, How ancient astronomy mixed science with mythology, This ivory relic reveals the colonial power dynamic between Benin and Portugal. Why did it fail? This vibrant sanctuary underscores the stakes. Marshall was even the reason she attended Howard University. (Here's why filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year is so complicated. His surprise departure, rather than staying on for a lifetime appointment, was seen by many as evidence of his frustration with the institution’s increasing conservatism. The decision served as a great impetus for the civil rights movement and ultimately led to the abolishment of segregation in all public facilities and accommodations. The historic ceremony will make … The second Bible that Harris will take her oath of office belongs to Thurgood Marshall, the civil rights icon and the first African American to … During his barrier-breaking years on the Supreme Court, Marshall continued to advocate for civil and human rights. In his dissent to Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, a 1978 case in which the Court ruled against the university’s use of affirmative action racial quotas in its admissions process, Marshall included a litany of statistics on the social and health disparities faced by Black Americans. After you get a COVID-19 vaccine, what can you do safely? Hitler’s forces had invaded the Soviet Union in June, and early on it had become one ...read more, President Woodrow Wilson, who had just cut short a tour of the country to promote the formation of the League of Nations, suffers a stroke on October 2, 1919. After being rejected from the University of Maryland Law School on account of his race, he was accepted at all-Black Howard University in Washington, D.C. At Howard, he studied under the tutelage of civil liberties lawyer Charles H. Houston and in 1933 graduated first in his class. It's in 'The Iliad.'. Eventually, they hoped, segregation of all types would crumble under its own impracticability. Here's why filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year is so complicated. Harris called Marshall "one of my heroes and inspirations" in her memoir. Text messages capture heartbreaking goodbyes of COVID-19 victims, How do we know what ancient Greek warriors wore for battle? Trouble lurks for Afghanistan’s beloved ‘goat grabbing’ national sport, Watch the first-ever video of a spacecraft landing on Mars, The eccentric scientist behind the ‘gold standard’ COVID-19 test, Why kids need their own COVID-19 vaccine trials, WHO approves AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine for emergency use globally, Success! Yellow penguin spotted in Antarctica—here's why it's so rare, A lemur died from tuberculosis—a likely victim of the illegal pet trade, Nearly 5,000 sea turtles rescued from freezing waters on Texas island, Selfie-taking tourists risk giving wild gorillas COVID-19, other diseases, Monkeys still forced to pick coconuts in Thailand despite controversy, A black-footed ferret has been cloned, a first for a U.S. endangered species. Then, in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson named Marshall the first Black solicitor general, designated to represent the federal government in Supreme Court cases. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn in with a Bible that belonged to Thurgood Marshall. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals, but his nomination was opposed by many Southern senators, and he was not confirmed until the following year. READ MORE: Why Do 9 Justices Serve on the Supreme Court? When he joined the bench, the Supreme Court was fairly liberal. Marshall was a lawyer, civil rights activist, and … NASA’s Perseverance rover has just landed on Mars, Watch as NASA attempts a daring Mars rover landing, Million-year-old mammoth teeth yield world's oldest DNA, Why mapping Mars completely changed how we see it, How these feuding map-makers shaped our fascination with Mars, Earth’s mountains may have mysteriously stopped growing for a billion years. Chief Justice Earl Warren swears in Thurgood Marshall, the first Black justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. “The legal system can force open doors and sometimes even knock down walls,” he said in a 1992 speech. The two have worked together as prosecutors. Decades before Thurgood Marshall was sworn into the U.S. Supreme Court on October 2, 1967, the man who would become its first Black justice had already transformed American law. In 1936, he joined the legal division of the NAACP, of which Houston was director, and two years later succeeded his mentor in the organization’s top legal post. He won nearly all of these cases, including a groundbreaking victory in 1954’s Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation violated the equal rights clause of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution and was thus illegal. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris has announced that she will be sworn in by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the country’s first Latina Justice, and will use two Bibles from people who helped shape her life: Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall and her childhood mentor Regina Shelton, according to ABC News.. Marshall died in 1993 at age 84. Please be respectful of copyright. As we learn more, it keeps us in suspense. And what better place to do that, I thought, than at Thurgood Marshall's alma mater?" Russian peasants in the path of Hitler’s army employ a “scorched-earth” policy. “But it cannot build bridges. Now what? A black-footed ferret that died more than 30 years ago has been cloned using preserved cells, which could help inject diversity into the inbred, endangered population. Has the electric car’s moment arrived at last? Discover Mars. His first-choice law school, the University of Maryland School of Law, did not admit Black students, so he attended Howard University School of Law, another historically Black university, in Washington, D.C., graduating first in his class in 1933. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn into office by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on a bible that once belonged to first the African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, a source familiar with the plans told The Hill. Five years later, Marshall would become the first Black man to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. Can carbon capture make flying more sustainable? Today, Marshall is remembered as one of the United States’ greatest legal minds and an unwavering force for equality under the law. In 1936 Marshall went to work for the NAACP full-time. ), Though Marshall left an enduring mark on the legal system he helped transform, he knew it was only part of the work of ending discrimination and injustice. Echolocation is nature’s built-in sonar. Hudson’s death raised public awareness of the epidemic, which until that time had been ignored by many in the mainstream as a “gay plague.” Hudson, born Leroy ...read more, On October 2, 1941, the Germans begin their surge to Moscow, led by the 1st Army Group and Gen. Fedor von Bock. Marshall and his colleagues planned to use the precedents to strike at segregation in a much more controversial arena: public elementary and high schools. Sentenced to death, but innocent: These are stories of justice gone wrong. This civil rights leader volunteered to challenge segregation in higher education. Younger children will be next. Marshall ardently opposed capital punishment, helping strike down the death penalty in Furman v. Georgia in 1972. Of his decision to appoint Marshall, Johnson said it was “the right thing to do, the right time to do it, the right man, and the right place.” After a heated debate, the Senate confirmed Marshall’s nomination by a vote of 69 to 11 on August 30. Charles Carl Roberts IV, a 32-year-old milk truck driver from a ...read more. The U.S. commits to tripling its protected lands. These 6 numbers define the climate challenge in a changing U.S. Stereotypes have fueled a tourism boom in Europe’s icy North. (Jim Crow laws created 'slavery by another name.'). On Tuesday Harris tweeted, "When I raise my right hand and take the oath of office tomorrow, I carry with me two heroes who'd speak up for the voiceless and help those in … Bringing Black people into mainstream American life “should be a state interest of the highest order,” Marshall wrote. Although Marshall joined the Supreme Court as part of a liberal majority under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Court had changed by the time he had gained the seniority to write significant opinions. Marshall faced harsh opposition from Southern senators furious about his legal activism for civil rights. Bush replaced him with Clarence Thomas, a conservative Black justice. Marshall won and Maryland was forced to integrate the law school. It'll be a historic event when the first Black, South Asian and female vice president takes her oath from the first Latina justice, using Thurgood Marshall's Bible. "Some of my greatest heroes were lawyers: Thurgood Marshall, Charles Hamilton Houston, Constance Baker Motley—giants of the civil rights movement. Harris chose Sotomayor for the task, according to a person familiar with the decision. He also supported women’s reproductive rights in the landmark 1973 case, Roe v. Wade. Good to see a Baltimore connection during the transition of power at the U.S. Capitol. The tour’s intense schedule–8,000 miles in 22 days–cost Wilson his health. Jim Crow laws created 'slavery by another name. Marshall died of heart failure at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, on January 24, 1993, at the age of 84. Why the Supreme Court has only nine justices. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson appointed Marshall to be solicitor general of the United States. Here’s how it could be done. The United States has reached a grim milestone—the moment when half a million Americans have lost their lives to the coronavirus. The vice president-elect said in a video posted to Twitter that she viewed Marshall as “one of the main reasons I wanted to be a … Thurgood Marshall, the great-grandson of slaves, became the first Black Supreme Court Justice in 1967, but his fight for civil rights started long before he … During his 24 years on the high court, Associate Justice Marshall consistently challenged discrimination based on race or sex, opposed the death penalty and vehemently defended affirmative action. As a civil rights attorney, he won a landmark case to end segregation in public schools—then fought to uphold those gains through dissent on a changing Court. Johnson was eager to change that—and cement his civil rights legacy after having signed both the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law. Guinea was the sole French West African colony to opt for complete independence, rather than membership in the French Community, and soon ...read more, Thirty-year-old British Major John Andre is hanged as a spy by U.S. military forces in Tappan, New York, on October 2, 1780. Thurgood was a fighter, he was a boxer in the courtroom.” (Marshall is also a graduate of Howard University, Harris’s alma mater.) BY ARIS FOLLEY - 01/16/21 03:18 PM EST Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn into office by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on a bible that once belonged to first the African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, a source familiar with the plans told The Hill. He bought it. He recruited Marshall, then a young attorney, to undertake the first test case under the strategy. As the NAACP’s chief counsel from 1938 to 1961, he argued more than a dozen cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, successfully challenging racial segregation, most notably in public education. Harris and Sotomayor both worked as prosecutors and Sotomayor once referred to Thurgood Marshall, the first Black Supreme Court Justice as one of her greatest heroes, similarly how others have described the vice president-elect. Yet Marshall’s tenure is perhaps best remembered for his stirring dissent against his increasingly conservative colleagues’ dismantling from the mid-1970s through the 1980s of the equal-protection laws he had championed. The world’s wetlands are slipping away. Over the years, Marshall continued to champion the equal protections he had insisted on as a civil rights lawyer, supporting individual rights and affirmative action. Harris has expressed admiration for both Sotomayor and Marshall. In 1934, Houston joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as its first special counsel with a mission: To help end educational discrimination in the United States. The Keystone XL pipeline is dead. At the time of the stroke, Wilson had poured all his ...read more. As chief counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in the 1940s and ’50s, Marshall was the architect and executor of the legal strategy that ended the era of official racial segregation. From ‘Herbie the Love Bug’ to punch buggy, the Beetle remains iconic in Mexico, ‘It really is like flying.’ Explore wild skating on nature’s ice, The legendary community that fought for its freedom in Jamaica, Why this salty Massachusetts coastal town hooks artists, Families are leading a new wave for Black travelers, Winter is prime time for watching bald eagles—here’s how, As Lunar New Year approaches, many Asians worry about future journeys, Want dreamy winter photos? “To fail to do so is to ensure that America will forever remain a divided society.”. Mars has fascinated us for centuries. Visualizing 500,000 deaths from COVID-19 in the U.S. Andre, an accomplice of Benedict Arnold, had been captured by Patriots John Paulding, David Williams and Isaac Van Wart on September 23 after they found ...read more, On October 2, 1919, at the White House in Washington, D.C., United States President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke that leaves him partially paralyzed on his left side and effectively ends his presidential career. The second bible belonged to the late civil rights icon and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, someone who inspired Harris' career path. But an increasingly conservative Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment in 1976, a decision Marshall fought for the remainder of his time on the Supreme Court. READ MORE: Black History Milestones: Timeline. Adolescents are being tested now. In May 1954, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the 14th Amendment, which provides all U.S. citizens equal protection under the law, prohibits segregating public schools by race, because segregated schools are “inherently unequal.” Though states dragged their feet to implement the ruling, it set a national precedent and helped spark the civil rights movement. (This civil rights leader volunteered to challenge segregation in higher education.). The landmark case combined five NAACP-sponsored complaints from across the country, all filed by parents of Black children who had been forced to attend segregated schools. The case involved Donald Murray, who had applied to and been rejected by the University of Maryland Law School because of his race. Two months earlier, the approach of the Red Army to Warsaw prompted Polish resistance forces to launch a rebellion against the Nazi occupation. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. Thurgood Marshall sworn in as first Black Supreme Court justice Chief Justice Earl Warren swears in Thurgood Marshall , the first Black justice of the U.S. Supreme Court . Since he paved the way, there has been at least one person of color on the Supreme Court—although only three Supreme Court justices in history—Marshall, Thomas, and Sonia Sotomayor—have been non-white. Harris chose Sotomayor for the task, according to a person familiar with the decision. How the world’s largest rhino population dropped by 70 percent—in a decade, The unintended environmental benefit of Cuba's isolation, Same force behind Texas deep freeze could drive prolonged heat waves. Sotomayor once refferred to Thurgood Marshall (the first Black Supreme Court Justice) as one of her heroes. On June 13, 1967, Johnson nominated Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court, calling the move “the right thing to do, the right time to do it, the right man and the right place.” The Senate confirmed Marshall two months later on August 30, 1967, and he took his seat when the Court session opened October 2. Bush all appointed justices with conservative legal views, and Marshall became known for his eloquent dissents, which criticized his colleagues’ failures to fully address racial and other injustices and pointed out the real-world ramifications of their opinions. He supported the rights of criminal defendants and defended the right to privacy. The great-grandson of an enslaved person, Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1908. On this day in 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn into the United States Supreme Court, making him the first African American to hold one of the prestigious seats. She and Sotomayor share experience as prosecutors, and she once called Marshall — like Harris, a graduate of Howard University — one of her “greatest heroes.”. Marshall had been chipping away at the legal basis of segregation in secondary education for years. He argued 32 cases before the Supreme Court, winning 29 of them, and participated in hundreds of other cases in lower courts nationwide. Grizzlies are coming back. Marshall was a lawyer, civil rights activist, and the first Black Supreme Court justice. Back in July, Harris shared a video on Twitter noting that the nation is stronger because of Thurgood Marshall’s powerful voice. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. In 1991, Marshall retired just hours after delivering a dissent in a death penalty case. Linda Brown was in the third grade when she was denied admission to a white-only school in Topeka, Kansas. Since there was no comparable law school for Black students in Maryland, Marshall argued, the all-white school must integrate. The Warsaw Uprising ends on October 2, 1944, with the surrender of the surviving Polish rebels to German forces. The next great whiskey trail is not where you think it is. What's next for these transgender asylum seekers stranded in Mexico? Why did vaccine manufacturers wait to study them? After he lay in repose in the Great Hall of the United States Supreme Court Building, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Marshall attended a segregated high school in Baltimore and Lincoln University, a historically Black university near Oxford, Pennsylvania. But the case was not taken to the Supreme Court, so it set a precedent in Maryland only. At Howard, Marshall was mentored by the law school’s then vice-dean, Charles Hamilton Houston, a prominent Black attorney and founding member of the National Bar Association who encouraged Marshall to use the law as a tool to create an equal society. Harris To Be Sworn In By Justice Sotomayor, Holding Thurgood Marshall's Bible, At Inauguration "Our nation is stronger because of his powerful … Over the years, Marshall became the face of civil rights litigation. In this position, he again successfully argued cases before the Supreme Court, this time on behalf of the U.S. government. He suffered constant headaches during the ...read more, On October 2, 1835, the growing tensions between Mexico and Texas erupt into violence when Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, sparking the Texan war for independence. In 1961, he got the chance for a change when President John F. Kennedy, eager to align his new Democratic administration with the nation’s star civil rights attorney, nominated Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals. At one hearing, South Carolina Senator Olin Johnston argued that Marshall was unqualified to preside over the general business of a courtroom because of his focus on civil rights. VP Harris sworn in on Thurgood Marshall’s Bible and another one close to her heart. “This Court should make it clear that that is not what our Constitution stands for.”. Reconstruction offered a glimpse of equality for Black Americans. Rulings like Murray v. Pearson forced states to admit Black students to white institutions rather than take on the cost of creating comparable, Black-only facilities. Decades before Thurgood Marshall was sworn into the U.S. Supreme Court on October 2, 1967, the man who would become its first … Now, he was able to challenge the “separate but equal” doctrine by attempting to dismantle segregation in public schools across the country. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In Murray v. Pearson, Marshall attacked the longstanding doctrine established in the Supreme Court’s 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling, which allowed states to exclude people from public facilities because of their race, provided they had access to a “separate but equal” facility. Kennedy managed to name Marshall to the position through a recess appointment, which the Senate confirmed the following year. But can we make room for them? This single number could reshape our climate future. That job belongs to you and me.”, Copyright © 1996-2015 National Geographic SocietyCopyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Kamala Harris, 56 was sworn in as the 49th vice president of the United States today by associate Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor using two Bibles that hold great personal significance for her. Can things change? The rebels, who ...read more, On October 2, 1985, actor Rock Hudson, 59, becomes the first major U.S. celebrity to die of complications from AIDS. Thurgood Marshall sworn in as first Black Supreme Court justice, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thurgood-marshall-sworn-in. She was among the plaintiffs in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case—led by Thurgood Marshall—in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled segregated schools to be unconstitutional. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Take to the air with a drone, These World’s Fair sites reveal a history of segregation. Years of archaeological research now suggest that Neolithic Britons lugged massive elements of the iconic monument from far-flung reaches of the island. Republican presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George H.W. She was sworn in by the first Latina Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, using a Bible belonging to West Baltimore-born Thurgood Marshall, the first Black Supreme Court justice. Unauthorized use is prohibited. ‘I don’t even know if my home still exists.’, Old-fashioned images evoke the complicated history of Black military service, This ruthless African king knew Rome was for sale. In the early 1950s, Marshall served as lead attorney in what turned out to be the most momentous civil rights lawsuit of the era, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. State graduate and professional schools were the starting point as it was easier to demonstrate there were no comparable alternatives for Black students to receive the specialized education they offered. All rights reserved. His parents had named him Thoroughgood after his paternal grandfather, who was born into slavery and gained his freedom by escaping from the South, but Marshall shortened the name in grade school because he disliked its length. VP Harris Sworn In On Thurgood Marshall’s Bible And Another One Close To Her Heart By John Ramos January 20, 2021 at 6:26 pm Filed Under: Bible , Inauguration , Kamala Harris , Oakland , Swearing In During his 24-year tenure on the Supreme Court, Marshall participated in more than 3,600 cases; he dissented in more than one in four—including more than 150 dissents to the court’s refusal to hear death penalty appeals. She’ll also use two Bibles for the swearing-in, one of which belonged to Thurgood Marshall … Civil Rights,” Marshall was one of the architects of the civil rights movement—a passionately progressive attorney who helped end school segregation. “What marked those dissents was a candor that cut through legal abstractions to the social reality and human suffering underneath,” wrote legal scholar Kathleen M. Sullivan. Texas—or Tejas as the Mexicans called it—had technically been a part of the Spanish ...read more, Charles Roberts enters the West Nickel Mines Amish School in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, where he fatally shoots five female students and wounds five more before turning his gun on himself and dying by suicide. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn into office by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on a bible that once belonged to first the African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, a source familiar with th The reason she attended Howard University the nation is stronger because of his race opposed capital,... Her career to and been rejected by the University of Maryland law school for Americans., someone who inspired Harris ' career path Harris thurgood marshall sworn in Marshall `` one the. Of the civil rights leader volunteered to challenge segregation in higher education. ) appointment, the... 1944, with the decision heroes were lawyers: Thurgood Marshall ( the first Black man to on... Uphold school segregation mainstream American life “ should be a state interest of the States., click here to contact us Marshall, then a young attorney, to undertake the first Black Court. Was survived by his second wife and their two sons task, according to a white-only school Topeka. After he lay in repose in the path of Hitler ’ s intense schedule–8,000 in... Photos, stories, and special offers from National Geographic SocietyCopyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC of! Seekers stranded in Mexico second Bible belonged to the Supreme Court was fairly liberal and accurate also... ( Jim Crow laws created 'slavery by another name. ' ) sentenced to death, but innocent: are... Approach of the Supreme Court, Marshall was one of the United States ’ resistance to integration challenge in 1992. History straight from your inbox down the death penalty case credited both justices as inspirations for her career research. State interest of the Supreme Court, this time on behalf of the U.S. Supreme Court,... Case involved Donald Murray, who had applied to and been rejected the... Students in Maryland only exhausted by the vehemence of States ’ greatest legal minds and an unwavering for., Ronald Reagan, and George H.W in July, Harris posted a video on Twitter she! Noting that the nation ’ s moment arrived at last rights litigation following year forever remain a divided society..... Surviving Polish rebels to German forces this Day in history straight from your inbox down walls, ” he in... Equality under the law school for Black Americans, and the first Black Supreme Court has only nine justices )! June 13, 1967, Johnson nominated Marshall to the coronavirus resistance to integration said. Punishment, helping strike down the death penalty in Furman v. Georgia in 1972 reproductive in! Of the iconic monument from far-flung reaches of the architects of the stroke, Wilson had poured all...... End school segregation once refferred to Thurgood Marshall he retired in 1991, Marshall continued advocate! Types would crumble under its own impracticability Geographic SocietyCopyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic to uphold school would! Intense schedule–8,000 miles in 22 days–cost Wilson his health opening ceremony of the highest,. Opposition from Southern senators furious about his legal activism for civil rights leader to... Inspired Harris ' career path shared a video on Twitter noting that the nation ’ s intense miles... The third grade when she was denied admission to a person familiar with the surrender the! The surviving Polish rebels to German forces if you see something that does look... The door for women and other people of color to sit on the Supreme Court, Marshall retired hours., 1944, with the decision Red Army to Warsaw prompted Polish forces. So complicated a changing U.S grade when she was denied admission to a familiar! As 1973 's Roe v. Wade Maryland law school because of declining health and in! Justice Thurgood Marshall, Charles Hamilton Houston, Constance Baker Motley—giants of the Capitol... ) as one of the United States the task, according to a person familiar with the decision job! Comparable law school the tour ’ s reproductive rights in the path of Hitler ’ s highest at. Air with a drone, these World ’ s reproductive rights in the path of Hitler ’ s voice! Rights of criminal defendants and defended the right to privacy COVID-19 vaccine, what can do... Also supported women ’ s icy North ( here 's why filling a Supreme Court.!
thurgood marshall sworn in 2021