Huddersfield railway station has a comprehensive local and regional rail service but there is no direct service to London, and passengers have to change at Manchester Piccadilly, Leeds, Wakefield Westgate or Mirfield. In 1920, the Corporation bought the Ramsden Estate from that family, that had owned much of the town at least as to the reversion of long leases (a minor, overarching interest) since 1599, for £1.3 million. The town has a further education college, Kirklees College formed following the merger of Dewsbury College and Huddersfield Technical College. In 1926, the club became the first in England to win three successive league titles, a feat only three other clubs have matched. It had 162,949 residents at the 2011 census. In the sporting field Huddersfield has held its head high with famour cricketers George Herbert Hirst, Wilfred Rhodes, Schofield Haigh and Percy Holmes.  It celebrates local music, art, food and drink.  The county borough was abolished in 1974 and its former area was combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees in West Yorkshire. The white population made up 81% of the population compared to 91.3% for England as a whole (in 2001). Castle Hill. At the end of the tour 142 men chose to remain in Jamaica, having married and raised families, some of which may have originated from Huddersfield, thereby originating the name. They include Last of the Summer Wine, more readily linked to Holmfirth, but largely set in the Holme and Colne valleys; Where the Heart Is filmed in the latter around Slaithwaite; Wokenwell also in the latter and Marsden; and The League of Gentlemen set around Marsden. Today this is run by Yorkshire Tiger. But in 1992 Kirklees Council published Huddersfield: A Most Handsome Town, a set of 26 wide-ranging scholarly essays on many aspects of the town’s history, edited by University Archivist and Local History Society secretary E.A. Etymology. [a] It further hosts the University of Huddersfield and three colleges: Greenhead College, Kirklees College and Huddersfield New College. Free music concerts have been put on for the town, including bands such as the Ordinary Boys, the Script and Elliott Minor. It was in Huddersfield on 29 August 1895 that 22 northern clubs met in the George Hotel and voted to secede from the Rugby Football Union and set up the 'Northern Rugby Football Union' which became the Rugby Football League in 1922. For further reading we can suggest some useful books: Huddersfield: A History and Celebration, by Lesley Kipling and Alan Brooke (Francis Frith, 2005) is a recent brief general history with many photographs. The former St Paul's Church on Queensgate has statutory recognition and protection,[c] used for worship from 1831 to 1956. Huddersfield Festival of Light takes place annually in December, usually in the town centre adjacent to the railway station. "The Sheriff of Huddersfield" is a song by heavy metal band Iron Maiden on the B-side of their 1986 single "Wasted Years", written about their co-manager Rod Smallwood, leaving his home town of Huddersfield and struggling to settle into life in Los Angeles. Local settlement dates back over 4,000 years. On 6 July 2014, Stage 2 of the 2014 Tour de France from York to Sheffield passed through the town.. A decision to move most maternity services provided by the Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust to the Calderdale Royal Hospital ended the provision in 2007, despite strong local opposition. After the Romans had left, Angles and Saxons arrived, and the first Anglian settlement in the area may have been at Hillhouse. Like many northern industrial towns, Huddersfield gained a seat in Parliament for the first time in 1832. The right given by Kirklees to the 3rd battalion of the Yorkshire Volunteers did not permit any transfer to heirs or successors and effectively ceased when the battalion was amalgamated into the East and West Riding Regiment (since 2006 being the Yorkshire Regiment's 4th Battalion). Kirkwood Hospice provides care for the terminally ill, and is dependent on donations and charitable gifts. In 1969 the club was at the forefront of a revolution in English rugby when it became the first club in the country to organise mini and junior rugby teams. Industrial Revolution – American History.  Castle Hill, a major landmark, was the site of an Iron Age hill fort. Agricultural Revolution in Britain. Huddersfield. , At the 2011 census a broader zone was covered – ethnically as to the three major profiles nationally – 117,548 people stated they considered themselves as ethnically White British, 24,201 as Asian and 6,822 as black.. The most obvious evidence of early settlement is the hill fort at Castle Hill, at Almondbury to the south of the town. As well, interiors for the BBC's Jamaica Inn, for the BBC's Remember Me and for ITV series Black Work, were also filmed at the studios. The market cross is on Market Place. Huddersfield has been known as a market town since Saxon times. A trolleybus network operated from 1933 to 1968. The Huddersfield Broad Canal, originally the Sir John Ramsden Canal, and the Huddersfield Narrow Canal which are both navigable by narrowboat, and the broad canal by wider craft, wind around the south side of town.  (turbochargers), David Brown Gear systems (industrial gearing), Huddersfield Fine Worsteds (textiles), Taylor & Lodge (textiles), C & J Antich (textiles), Syngenta AG (agro-chemicals), Pennine Radio Limited (electronics transformers and sheet metalworking) and a large number of niche manufacturers, such as Dual Seal Glass (maker of spandrel glass panels) and Ellis Furniture (producer of kitchen and bathroom furniture). The actress Lena Headey, who was born in Bermuda, grew up in Shelley from the age of five.. Huddersfield people have formed many clubs and societies. The very centre of town forms the Newsome ward of councillors. Most bus services pass through the bus station. This sparked uproar in local communities as it would mean journeys from some areas of over 40 minutes to and from the hospital assuming that the main road into Halifax was not congested, as it frequently is.. Thirty-four people and one military (infantry) regiment have been granted the Freedom of Huddersfield, between 1889 and 1973.. After 1895 rugby was played exclusively under the auspices of the Northern Rugby Football Union until 1909 when Huddersfield Old Boys were formed to play under rugby union rules, playing nomadically at five grounds until buying farmland at Waterloo in 1919 and, in 1946, renaming the club Huddersfield RUFC. The world-famous Huddersfield Choral Society was formed in 1836 and many other choirs and orchestras also maintain the town’s strong musical tradition. A picture of the Victoria Tower features on the New Zealand wine Castle Hill. On 2 July 1952, in recognition of historic ties and links with the Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding), the Huddersfield County Borough had conferred on the regiment the Freedom of the Town. Huddersfield Grammar School is the only independent school for secondary education up to age 16. Other local manufacturers are Cummins Turbo Technologies, founded in 1952 as Holset by Messrs. Holmes and Croset. In 2019 Marks & Spencer announced 17 closures within the UK, one of these is the Huddersfield store.. There are also a semi professional club within the town, Golcar Utd who competed in the 2019–20 North West Counties Football League Division One North, until the league was abandoned in March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. Huddersfield Station, now a Grade 1 listed building, was described by John Betjeman as “the most splendid station facade in England” (see the head of this website). Huddersfield Rams Aussie Rules is an Australian rules football team, formed in 2008. This page gives a brief introduction to Huddersfield’s history. The British Agricultural Revolution refers to the unprecedented rise … They have released merchandise and have published a book.. An open market trades next to Tesco, on the other side of the town centre. is the town's senior association football team, founded in 1908, and most seasons play in the Championship, that below the highest league of the sport nationally. He won his first race in World Superbikes in one of two wildcard meetings. Kelly Rowlands also holds the 2003 Line Dancing championship Record. Early Industry and Inventions. During the Industrial Revolution of the late 18 th and 19 th centuries, Huddersfield built on its first class reputation for textiles, and increasingly moved to larger mills. Huddersfield was at the centre of the Luddite agitation of 1811/12, when militant skilled workers broke up new textile machinery, and the campaigns of the 1830s and 1840s to limit factory hours and resist the workhouse-based New Poor Law of 1834. Huddersfield Giants, the town's rugby league club, has won the Rugby Football League Championship seven times, most recently in 1961–62, and the Challenge Cup six times, the last time in 1952–53. Many services are subsidised by Metro. 1992, Huddersfield: A Most Handsome Town – Aspects of the History and Culture of a West Yorkshire Town. Teollisen vallankumouksen aikoihin kaupunkilaisten elämää muutti ja rikastutti tekstiiliteollisuus, jonka raaka-aineita ja tuotteita kuljettamaan rakennettiin Huddersfieldin kanava. During their ownership they supported the development of the town. Huddersfield was a centre of civil unrest during the Industrial Revolution. Rising up from plains below, is Huddersfield’s more recognizable landmark, Castle Hill. Following the split of 1895, Huddersfield became a focus for rugby league and is represented by Huddersfield Giants in the Super League. This gave the regiment the right to march through the town with 'flags flying, bands playing and bayonets fixed'. Its spirit is organisation like a pub crawl, moving between venues to experience different tastes of culture. (1992) Huddersfield: A Most Handsome Town – Aspects of the History and Culture of a West Yorkshire Town.  The remains of a Roman fort were unearthed in the mid 18th century at Slack near Outlane, west of the town. The modern name is pronounced without a word-initial /h/ in the local dialect, a trait shared by many Norman scribes' dialects of the Domesday Book era (see Old and modern French). , The green belt surrounds the Huddersfield built-up area, a much-wooded buffer zone.  A bronze statue of Huddersfield-born Sir Harold Wilson, Prime Minister 1964–1970 and 1974–1976 stands in front of its entrance. The main sporting arena is John Smith's Stadium, home to both the football team and rugby league side. Its first year saw 10 live music acts, an exhibition and some live art performances, with payment for the later events. Some people have also become known through their association with Huddersfield, though they were not born there. A subsidiary aim is to encourage play, sport and leisure, through woodland, moor, streams, green meadows, fields, small bogs. It is adjacent to the town hall and public library. The Huddersfield Literature Festival is held annually in the town, and features author events, creative writing classes and poetry nights, and sometimes creative writing competitions. 'During the periods 1822–1832 the 33rd Regiment of Foot, recruited from West Yorkshire was stationed in Jamaica. Caribbean food, fairground rides and various stalls and attractions are available. Revolution Huddersfield is situated in the heart of the town centre, on the bustling Cross Church Street – just a 6-minute walk from Huddersfield Station. The number of people who work in textiles has declined greatly, but the surviving companies produce large quantities of woollen products with little labour. Ian Berry was born in Netherton, Huddersfield and was educated in the town and went to Greenhead College and is internationally renowned for his art using only denim jeans and was named as one of the top 30 artists under the world in 2013.  Huddersfield is home to Andrew Jones Pies, a regional award-winning pie-maker, and Mamas and Papas, a manufacturer and retailer of prams, pushchairs and related items and specialist pneumatics supplier Shelley Automation Ltd. Several films and television series have been filmed in and around the town. For centuries the industry was based in people’s homes or in small mills on upland streams. It is in place to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns in the West Yorkshire Urban Area conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield reuse, and preserve nearby countryside. The town was the birthplace of rugby league, and is home to the Huddersfield Giants who play in the Super League, the top division in Europe. Industrial Revolution. James Whitham, is a former 'British Superbike Champion'.  It is the busiest bus station in West Yorkshire with a daily footfall of almost 35,000. A "young blud" stage presents Hip Hop, UK garage, RnB and bassline.. Huddersfield has a long-established Saint Patrick's Day Parade on c. 17 March. Neighbouring wards in the Colne Valley, Holme Valley, and Kirkburton are often considered to be part of Huddersfield though they are predominantly semi-rural. Junior players at Huddersfield number over 200. In a period where Europe was experiencing frequent wars, where trade had slumped and the crops had failed, many local weavers faced losing their livelihood due to the introduction of machinery in factories, which they feared would condemn them to poverty or starvation. A leading figure of both these campaigns, based in Huddersfield, was Richard Oastler, whose name the town commemorates in several ways. On Christmas Day 1977, the Sex Pistols played their last two British shows, a matinee for the children of striking firefighters, at Ivanhoe's nightclub, before embarking on their ill-fated US tour which saw the group's acrimonious collapse. Inside you’ll find a plush, contemporary interior with VIP booths, bookable private hire spaces and outdoor sun terrace, perfect for …  It sits close to the Pennines, 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Leeds, 12 miles (19 km) west of Wakefield, 23 miles (37 km) northwest of Sheffield and 24 miles (39 km) northeast of Manchester. The town has many churches, mosques, temples and synagogues. HUDDERSFIELD’S reputation and prosperity was founded on its textile industry. The 2007 show was performed by French company Plasticiens Volants, which used large inflatable sea creatures in a parade through the streets as they told the story of 'Pearl'. Vuonna 2011 siellä oli 162 949 asukasta. This led to troubled times as large-scale production took over and, due to the scale of industrialisation, virtually all the valleys’ inhabitants were left with little option but to take their skills elsewhere. Huddersfield is a large market town in the metropolitan borough of Kirklees in West Yorkshire, England. The town did not become an incorporated borough, with its own elected corporation, until 1868, but this soon became a pioneer in many municipal services, including tramways, public health and electricity supply. Early Inventions. The University of Huddersfield is thriving, where it was rated Times University of the Year in 2013 and is now in a period of rapid expansion. Huddersfield expanded in 1937, assimilating parts of the Golcar, Linthwaite, and South Crosland urban districts. There are many pubs, restaurants and night clubs, one of which, Tokyo, which closed in 2019, occupies the former Huddersfield County Court, a 19th-century Grade II listed building. Huddersfield is a large market town in West Yorkshire and is known for its imperative role in the industrial revolution. After boundary changes in 2004, Huddersfield now covers eight of the twenty-three electoral wards for Kirklees Council. Huddersfield Art Gallery occupies the top floor of the library at Princess Alexandra Walk. Closest wooded uplands in the inner part of the town's green belt, the town centre and the crest of the Pennines to the west: semi-panorama from Castle Hill. Football and rugby league are the main spectator sports in Huddersfield. 23,050 hectares (230.5 km2; 89.0 sq mi) (2017, excluding the Peak District National Park).. It was chiefly defined in the 1960s, and across Kirklees covers about 70%, i.e. A legacy of being a former greater mill town is that Huddersfield is more ethnically diverse than the national average. The market cross is on Market Place. Obviously this page has only scratched the surface, and much more information is available on the town’s history. The main preoccupation for workers, as was the case for the Luddites, was being able to make a living but as the Industrial Revolution began to threaten the status quo, so too did the levels of discontent rise amongst the workers. Huddersfield Choral Society founded in 1836, claims to be the UK's leading choral society. There are three major supermarket outlets in the town centre, and alongside the ring road: two Sainsbury's and one Tesco. Earlier in the 19th century Mechanics’ Institutes were founded to provide education for the working man, and these were the forerunners of today’s Kirklees College and Huddersfield University. In 1920 the Ramsden family sold their estate to the Corporation for £1.3m, so Huddersfield became ‘the town that bought itself’. The Regiment requested a resumed right to march. Huddersfield Royal Infirmary is in Lindley. Huddersfield's bus operators reflect the national situation; local subsidiaries of three dominant national operators provide most services in the area: First Calderdale & Huddersfield provide most local services in Huddersfield and some services outside Kirklees with destinations including Bradford, Brighouse, Halifax, Manchester and Oldham. Castle Hill, a major landmark, was the site of an Iron Age hill fort. According to the Köppen climate classification, Huddersfield is certified as Cfb. The feature films Between Two Women and The Jealous God were filmed in and around Huddersfield. Hilary Haigh.  The council has councillors of Labour, Conservative Party and Liberal Democrat parties; these retained the deposit, reaching more than 5% of the vote in the last general election (for an MP who serves in the House of Commons). They may have come from Bregenz, a region of Austria on the banks of Lake Constance. Many of the town and district's male residents had served in the regiment during its long history. (ed.) Nearby smaller villages, hamlets and rural areas such as Thurgory, Gawthorpe Green, Bog Green, Upper Heaton, Wilberlee, South Crosland, Rushfield Bridge, and Bank End see their unbuilt land included in the designation. You can also follow the links to a searchable version of the five volumes (600-plus pages) of Discovering Old Huddersfield, by Gordon and Enid Minter. A very brief history of local government institutions in the area is available here. In the 19th century and on into the 20th it had a strong Liberal tradition. Sir John Ramsden, 3rd Baronet built the Huddersfield Cloth Hall in 1766 and his son the fourth baronet was responsible for Sir John Ramsden's Canal in 1780. Various defences were built here, the last being a strong Norman castle.  Some services are subsidised by the public transport coordinator, West Yorkshire Metro. HD1. Huddersfield has a large and diverse retail shopping area, enclosed within the town's ring road, compared with other towns of its size. E.A. Huddersfield & District Archaeological Society have done a great deal of research on Huddersfield’s Roman history, especially the fort at Slack (Outlane) and the Roman road which passed through it. The area within now defines the town's central business district.  Next to the Piazza is the Victorian town hall and the 1930s public library. The town is home to Huddersfield Underbank Rangers rugby league club, who play in the Rugby League Conference. The name Luddite (/ ˈ l ʌ d. aɪ t /) is of uncertain origin.The movement was said to be named after Ned Ludd, an apprentice who allegedly smashed two stocking frames in 1779 and whose name had become emblematic of machine destroyers. Centrebus Holdings purchased Teamdeck in May 2008, along with Stagecoach Yorkshire's Huddersfield depot. Wilson is commemorated by a statue on the large front square (forecourt) to the town's station. Aspects of Huddersfield history are also addressed in the following websites, all well worth a browse: More sources of information are suggested at the bottom of this page. The Wimpenny family are one of the oldest family construction companies in the north of England and dates back to 1884 when Joseph Wimpenny diversified from farming to get involved in expanding Huddersfield industrial revolution and the textile and engineering industries. The main men's side have had Premier League status for two seasons: from 2016 to 2018. This right was technically lost with merged with Dewsbury to form Kirklees MBC though. Child Labor in the US and Britain. A venue in the town staged four or five meetings.  The hotel was the site of the birthplace of Rugby league in August 1895.. Greenhead Park is a large and lined with copses of various trees, 0.4 miles (0.64 km), west of the town centre.  The most conspicuous landmark is the Victoria Tower on Castle Hill. Huddersfield is home to strong Yorkshire traditions, great festivals and some impressive architecture. There are many local choirs, youth and adult, a noted example of the latter being the Honley Male Voice Choir. The church was built in 1838. The Brigantes were subdued by the Romans, who established a fort at Slack. Actors include Joanna Christie, James Mason, Gorden Kaye and Keith Buckley. The building is now part of the University of Huddersfield. It is known for its role in the Industrial Revolution and for being the birthplace of rugby league. Fronting St George's Square, it was renovated for £4 million and accordingly won the Europa Nostra award for architecture. Huddersfield was at the centre of the Luddite agitation of 1811/12, when militant skilled workers broke up new textile machinery, and the campaigns of the 1830s and 1840s to limit factory hours and resist the workhouse-based New Poor Law of 1834. However over the last decade many shops have closed down causing a general decline of the town centre. In the early-mid-1990s, Flex, an underground Jungle/Drum 'n' Bass record label, was founded by musician and BBC Radio 1Xtra DJ, L Double. Wyles D. in Haigh H.E.A.  Although the movement faded out, Parliament began to increase welfare provision for those out of work, and introduce regulations to improve conditions in the mills. Against conventional wisdom, he started making alternating current electric motors, and he did this in one room with two assistants and starting capital of just £300. This ended congestion within, where many roads are pedestrianised. The name meaning has not complicated with the shifts of English, remaining 'Hud(d)er's field'.. The current Member of Parliament (MP) for the Huddersfield constituency is Barry Sheerman, a Labour Co-operative MP. Huddersfield bus station was opened by the Mayor, Councillor Mernagh on 26 March 1974, although it had not been completed. Meltham Mills. Much semi-rural land on the fringes forms the rest. The Mrs Sunderland Music festival is the second oldest in the United Kingdom, started in 1889 lasting for nine days each year. Over 560 officers and men died and were buried in Jamaica during this period, from endemic diseases. During the industrial revolution, the local villager’s expertise and knowledge combined with the new industrial technology was a match made in heaven This turned Huddersfield into a wealthy town and known for the producers of the best cloth in the world. Its professional football team, Huddersfield Town A.F.C. This led to troubled times as large-scale mill production took over and, due to the scale of industrialisation, virtually all the valleys’ inhabitants were left with little option but to take their skills into the mills. It gained its own parliamentary representation in 1832. The de Laci family owned the manor of Huddersfield until 1322, when it became the property of the Crown. Princess Royal Hospital provided maternity facilities until the risks of not being able to get an ambulance to A&E in the event of complications were judged to outweigh the benefits of specialist service provision. There is a wealth of information on local history at the Local Studies Library and West Yorkshire Archive Service, both based at Huddersfield central library. The finale is a firework display. 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