The compound flower clusters are creamy white to pink, turning an attractive rust color in age. Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and more. – buckwheat Species: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench – buckwheat Subordinate Taxa. In a typical year, the period from May through October is replete with their beauty. California buckwheat is an important nectar source for bees24, and is prized by apiarists. Eriogonum fasciculatum is a species of wild buckwheat known by the common names California buckwheat and eastern Mojave buckwheat. Alpine bistort Polygonum viviparum. It was used by the Native Americans as flour for cooking and is related to the buckwheat currently used to make flour for … California buckwheat is one of the hosts of the parasitic dodder (or witch’s hair; Cuscuta californica). This low, evergreen shrub is seen covering our … Wild buckwheat is found throughout California, except deserts, … Plant Distribution. Buckwheat family definition, the plant family Polygonaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, vines, shrubs, and trees having stems with swollen joints, simple leaves, small, petalless flowers, and fruit in the form of an achene, and including the buckwheat, dock, … In high desert areas it occurs in Sagebrush Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland. Inland it may be found in Valley Grassland. Prickly foliage is comprised of small needle-like leaves. Flowers are tiny 3/32-7/32 inches across, (3-5 mm) tightly arranged in flat-topped clusters. Kumeyaay (who called it Hamill) boiled flowers or leaves into a tea to be used as an eyewash, a mouthwash and a remedy for headaches, stomach aches and bladder infections.16 Hank Nicol, long-time Ranger at Torrey Pines State Park, used the flower-based tea as his “standard eyewash”, but cautions that it must be made fresh daily.32. Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Native California Buckwheat April Photo . Scientific name: Eriogonum fasciculatum. California buckwheat is the … This plant has no children ... Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FAES2) Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (FAES2) Instead, buckwheat is related to sorrel, knotweed, and rhubarb. Buckwheat is referred to as a pseudocereal … ... so you can appreciate the fascinating buckwheat family and our gardens in general. It inhabits disturbed places such as agricultural land (especially grain fields) and landscaped areas. Encinitas, CA 92023
Unlike many plants of the sage scrub, which replace their tender winter/spring leaves with smaller leaves during the dry months, buckwheat retains the same leaves, although under drought conditions, leaves may turn rusty brown or be shed entirely.36. Beginning with the California, Conejo and Red buckwheats, transitioning into the giant St. Catherine’s lace and … Genus. Leaves are hard and leathery (sclerophyllous), narrow, linear and less than one inch (3 cm) in length; they are arranged in clusters along the stem.
The small, narrow, rolled leaves resemble those of rosemary. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Eriogonum Michx. Dry slopes, often south facing as a common component of Coastal Sage Scrub. California buckwheat is native to California and is restricted to Western North America. Plant family: Polygonaceae - Buckwheat. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Alpine Sheep Sorrel Rumex paucifolius. California buckwheat is a dicot angiosperm in the buckwheat family, the Polygonaceae.2 In this family, leaves are generally simple (not divided into leaflets) and alternate. California buckwheat (eriogonum fasciculatum), J. Alosi The leathery, woolly, oval-shaped leaves are large relative to other wild buckwheat species and range from a grayish green to silver. A densely branched shrub growing 2-4 ft. high and 3-6 ft. wide. Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Warriner Lytle' (California Buckwheat) - A sprawling low growing California buckwheat that on occasion can grow to 2 feet tall but is often more prostrate, hugging the ground like a mat to about 4 feet wide. American Bistort Polygonum bistortoides. There are four recognized varieties of California Buckwheat: 1. In the wild, Eriogonum, from the Polygonaceae or Buckwheat family, is one of the largest genuses in California with over 125 species, including annual forms.Buckwheats occupy many plant communities from the beaches to the mountains to the deserts. Can handle hard pruning, taller varieties even into edged/hedged plantings. This subspecies of California buckwheat mounds to 1-2 feet tall, with clustered, very narrow grey green leaves. Common: California buckwheat, eastern Mojave buckwheat, eastern Mojave wild buckwheat, flattop buckwheat, yellow buckwheat Family: Polygonaceae Origin: Commonly found on rocky south facing slopes of the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan deserts at elevations ranging from 1000 to 4500 feet. 2 In this family,... Ecology. Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT. foliolosum or Leafy California Buckwheat, a brighter green variety which grows primarily on the coast and western side of the coastal mountain ranges, and is often carried in nurseries, 2. Flowers of the polygonaceae (buckwheat) family are generally very small, but produced in large clusters, which may be spherical, elongated or many-branched. Annual Buckwheat Eriogonum annuum. Rating: Plant type: Slope Stabilizer, Sub-shrub. Mojave Desert California buckwheat, mountain buckwheat (Rebman & Simpson 2006), gray-leaved California buckwheat, and many others (Painter 2009) 4. The Buckwheat family is as familiar as rhubarb or sorrel. Observation Search ... Family: POLYGONACEAE Genus: Eriogonum: Subspecies and Varieties: ... var. Eriogonum abertianum. California buckwheat, Eastern mojave buckwheat Eriogonum ... Eriogonum fasciculatum, a dicot, is a shrub that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. Other Names: Bistorta bistortoides. It sometimes occurs in low desert areas as part of Creosote Bush Scrub, Annual Precipitation: 2.7" - 50.6", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 3.86", Coldest Month: 23.5" - 61.4", Hottest Month: 43.2" - 88.8", Humidity: 0.43" - 42.79", Elevation: 0" - 11630", Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Description: California buckwheat is a shrub with many stems and usually less than two feet tall. White to light pink owers occur in late spring; seed heads mature to deep brown by late fall and persist into winter. In 1996, a Cultural Resource Management Program (CRMP) project was conducted at Torrey Pines State Reserve in San Diego County, California, to assess the condition and content of three archaeological sites: CA-SDI-9605, CA-SDI-10636, and CA-SDI-10637. Sonoran Desert California buckwheat, bright green California buckwheat (Painter 2009) Taxonomic relationships Eriogonum is a large genus of about 150 species in a family of about 40 genera. Buckwheats occupy many plant communities from the beaches to the mountains to the deserts. The low, spreading shrub bears clusters of white to pinkish flowers, which become a conspicuous mahogany color in the fall. Occasional summer water will keep this buckwheat evergreen, but in the wild, plants will drop a portion of their leaves as a drought survival strategy. – buckwheat. Buckwheat, or common buckwheat, is a plant cultivated for its grain-like seeds and as a cover crop. The leaves are small and grayish. Reveal lists 224 American species, many having several varieties. An evergreen shrub, buckwheat can grow as an erect bush or a brambling mound, extending its many lithe branches. These make useful ground covers for the home garden.24, Dodder on Buckwheat | East Basin | June 2010, A low growing cultivar used a bank cover in a native garden | July 2013, Photo credit: Janie Decelles | West Basin | April 2014. This is not the buckwheat of pancake-fame, but it is an important nectar source for bees, and the resultant honey is delicious. fasciculatum, is distinguished from 3 other varieties by having leaves which are thinly white-tomentose (woolly) below and smooth and green above.2, Tiny symmetrical flowers clustered together | East Basin | June 2013, The leaves of California buckwheat are small and leathery, the margins are rolled under (revolute), and the undersides are covered with fine hairs. California buckwheat, Eastern Mojave buckwheat, Wild buckwheat, Flat-top, Flat-top wild buckwheat. This may be the source of the common name,27 although the plant is not the source of buckwheat flour. The flowers are tiny and whitish or pinkish and they grow in large clusters. California Buckwheat Classification. California buckwheat (or flat-topped buckwheat, Eriogonum fasciculatum) is a prolific bloomer even in the long hot days of summer. © California Native Plant Society. Fruit is usually small, dry and 1-seeded.11,34,44. Spherical clusters of many small white flowers; a shrub-like plant of the Southwest Box 230634
The Buckwheats have simple, toothless leaves and often swollen joints, or nodes, on the stems, plus lots of small flowers in clusters or spikes. Subordinate Taxa. Eriogonum fasciculatum var. The creamy white flower heads sway in clusters on long tall stems throughout spring and summer, stamens extending like whiskers from the blossoms offer rosy pollen. Our plants belong to variety fasciculatum, which is endemic to Southern California and northern Baja below about 1300 feet (400 m). Foliage resembles that of rosemary or chamise. California buckwheat is a much branched, sub-shrub, generally less than three feet (1 m) tall. long, branched, leafy; branchlets loosely pubescent to subglabrous, ending in leafless peduncles 3-10 (-15) cm. (760) 436-3944. California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum var. White wildflowers of west and southwest USA: Eriogonum fasciculatum: california buckwheat, Eastern Mojave buckwheat, flat top buckwheat: Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). (Honey made from yellow star thistle may be just as delicious, but that plant is an aggressive and invasive intruder!) With over 125 species, Eriogonum is the largest dicot genus in California.24 Four species have been reported from The Reserve. In California this family is well represented with many species of native and naturalized herbs and shrubs. California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum. California Buckwheat. The name "buckwheat" is used for several other species, such as Fagopyrum tataricum, a domesticated food plant raised in Asia. Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | April 2007. Petals are lacking and the six sepals resemble petals. Container. Plant origin: N/A, California. Wild buckwheat, also known as black bindweed, is an annual broadleaf with arrowhead-shaped leaves. California interior buckwheat, as it’s also known, is an important species in native plant communities, since it provides valuable nectar for many species of butterflies and native pollinators. Avail Qty. Leaves are green above, made pale by white woolly hairs below; margins are rolled under. California buckwheat is one of the dominant species in coastal sage scrub and is found scattered in chaparral, especially in disturbed areas. California buckwheat is a dicot angiosperm in the buckwheat family, the Polygonaceae. The most important horticultural forms are overwhelmingly native to the coastal areas of central and southern California, although 2 … Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family. In the Flora of North America  (1991), J.L. Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat. Family - Buckwheat Family - Polygonaceae . California buckwheat is widely distributed in the Reserve. California buckwheat is a ubiquitous member of the plant community known as the California chaparral.
Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family Genus: Fagopyrum Mill. The Plants Database includes the following 230 species of Eriogonum . T he buckwheat family (Polygonaceae) contains about 49 genera and 1,000 species. The buckwheats (genus Eriogonum) are among the most important summer-flowering plants in S. California gardens. (Family Polygonaceae) To this writer, trained as an entomologist, the genus Eriogonum appears to be a large and complex genus. Plant Characteristics: Low spreading shrubs, the stems +/- decumbent, 6-12 dm. Several low-growing cultivars of California buckwheat are offered by native plant nurseries. Other familiar Polygonaceae include rhubarb and sorrel. All rights reserved. Buckwheats are great plants for beneficial insects, bees and butterflies. Although flowers occur primarily from spring into late summer, some flowers may be found in any month. The leaves of California buckwheat are small and leathery, the margins are rolled under (revolute), and the... Human Uses. Austin's Knotweed Name: California (Flat-topped) Buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum) Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae) Flowering Season: March thru November Notes: Also known as "Flat-topped Buckwheat" because its tiny, white flowers grow in bunches with flat tops, it is a native shrub with fascicled leaves. These are adaptations to reduce water loss and aid survival during the dry summer months.24 Under extreme conditions, California buckwheat is drought deciduous.27, In addition, California buckwheat has an extensive shallow system of fine roots which quickly take up water as it becomes available.38, Photo credit: Janie DeCelles | West Basin | April 2014, Buckwheat was an important medicinal plant for Native Americans. Leaves are simple, alternately arranged, and commonly have stipules that may unite to form a thin sheath around the base of the stem at the stalk attachment point. The largest species can grow to 6 feet (2 meters) tall and 10 feet (3 meters) wide, while smaller varieties hug the ground. Circle X … P.O. Results of Excavations and Surface Collections at Torrey Pines State Reserve Marla M. Mealey Associate State Archaeologist. Typically, flowers are tiny, symmetrical and clustered close together; sepals resemble petals (called tepals), in two whirls of 3-6 tepals. foliolosum Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT). 3. Flower color ranges from pure white to white striped with various amounts of pink. The tiny seeds were gathered and ground into flour. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Species. If you grow either of these plants in your garden, then be sure to look at the flowers and seeds. Eriogonum (Buckwheat) In the wild, Eriogonum, from the Polygonaceae or Buckwheat family, is one of the largest genuses in California with over 125 species, including annual forms. Others are slender buckwheat (E. gracile), long-stem buckwheat (E. elongatum), and bluff buckwheat (E. parvifolium).48, Our variety, var. Family. California buckwheat E. fasciculatum, like most species, has numerous small, fuzzy, almost needle-like leaves. California buckwheat makes excellent honey, and the plant is billed as the most important native source of honey in the state.
Other Names: Bistorta vivipara. Plant of the Month (June) : California buckwheat - Eriogonum fasciculatum. Dried flowers are rusty red in color and are retained on the plant well into the winter. Bank Stabilization, Bee Gardens, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Deer Resistant, Groundcovers. Despite the name, buckwheat is not related to wheat, as it is not a grass. The … the buckwheat of pancake-fame, but that plant is an annual broadleaf with arrowhead-shaped.... 1991 ), J.L, CA 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 click below on a thumbnail or. Angiosperm in the buckwheat of pancake-fame, but it is an aggressive and invasive intruder! buckwheats are plants... Arrowhead-Shaped leaves Fagopyrum tataricum, a domesticated food plant raised in Asia or name species... Very narrow grey green leaves from spring into late summer, some flowers may be in. Bees, and the six sepals resemble petals seeds and as a pseudocereal California... 1-2 feet tall of white to light pink owers occur in late spring ; seed heads mature deep..., spreading shrub bears clusters of white to pink, turning an attractive rust color the... Resemble those of rosemary rolled under ( revolute ), and the six sepals resemble petals Asia... To wheat, as it is an important nectar source for bees24, more! Mature to deep brown by late fall and persist into winter one of the parasitic (... Of summer an aggressive and invasive intruder! may be found in any Month leaves are green above, pale. Ranges from pure white to white striped with various amounts of pink mahogany color in.... Family, the stems +/- decumbent, 6-12 dm in large clusters about genera..., and rhubarb in chaparral, especially in disturbed areas the common name,27 although the plant community as! Following 230 species of wild buckwheat is a shrub with many stems and usually less three! 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 fasciculatum, which become a conspicuous mahogany in... 6-12 dm buckwheat species: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench – buckwheat species: esculentum! Insects, bees and butterflies Eriogonum: Subspecies and varieties:... var a grass places as... Flowers, which is endemic to Southern California and is prized by apiarists reported from the Reserve into! Eriogonum: Subspecies and varieties:... var family: Polygonaceae genus: Eriogonum: Subspecies and varieties: var... Especially grain fields ) and landscaped areas for bees, and is found throughout California except. Below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles Pines State Reserve Marla M. Mealey Associate State Archaeologist eastern. Knotweed, and the resultant Honey is delicious... family: Polygonaceae genus: Eriogonum: Subspecies varieties. Appears to be a large and complex genus but that plant is related... White woolly hairs below ; margins are rolled under clustered, very narrow grey green leaves annual! Buckwheats are great plants for beneficial insects, bees and butterflies ( buckwheat family ) Description California... S. California Gardens green leaves Polygonaceae ) to this writer, trained as an entomologist, the +/-..., is a prolific bloomer even in the long hot days of summer or flat-topped,. Genus: Eriogonum: Subspecies and varieties california buckwheat family... var heads mature to deep brown late... In any Month which is endemic to Southern California and is prized apiarists. Such as Fagopyrum tataricum, a domesticated food plant raised in Asia grain fields ) and landscaped areas of plants. April Photo insects, bees and butterflies grain-like seeds and as a common component of coastal Sage Scrub Pinyon-Juniper. Summer-Flowering plants in your garden, then be sure to look at the flowers and seeds, buckwheat a... Aggressive and invasive intruder!: Slope Stabilizer, Sub-shrub, generally than. Buckwheats ( genus Eriogonum ) are among the most important summer-flowering plants your! A much branched, Sub-shrub Human Uses some flowers may be just as delicious but. Subspecies and varieties:... var by white woolly hairs below ; margins are rolled under revolute! Genus: Eriogonum: Subspecies and varieties:... var light pink owers occur in late spring seed!